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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Radiative Heat Transfer

Radiative Heat Transfer Properties of Electro-Controllable Fluids

[+] Author and Article Information
Jeffrey B. Hargrove

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kettering University, 1700 W. Third Avenue, Flint, MI 48504

John R. Lloyd, Clark J. Radcliffe

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824

J. Heat Transfer 125(6), 1058-1064 (Nov 19, 2003) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1621894 History: Received May 30, 2001; Revised June 30, 2003; Online November 19, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Shu’lman,  Z. P., 1982, “Utilization of Electric and Magnetic Fields for Control of Heat and Mass Transfer in Dispersed Systems (Suspensions),” Heat Transfer-Sov. Res., 14(5), p. 1.
Zhang,  C., and Lloyd,  J. R., 1994, “Control of Radiation Heat Transfer Through a Composite Window Featuring ER Fluid: A Conceptual Investigation,” Inzh.-Fiz. Zh., 6(2), pp. 131–142.
Zhang, C., and Lloyd, J. R., 1992, “Measurements of Radiation Heat Transfer in Electrorheological Fluid Based Composite Materials,” Developments in Radiative Heat Transfer, 1992 National Heat Transfer Conference, HTD-Vol. 20, San Diego, CA, pp. 55–62.
Yanju,  L., Jinsong,  L., and Dianfu,  W., 2000, “Adaptive Optical Properties of ER Fluid Incorporating Composite Particles,” Opt. Lasers Eng., 34, pp. 47–53.
Radcliffe, C. J., Lloyd, J. R., Andersland, R. M., and Hargrove, J. B., 1996, “State Feedback Control of Electrorheological Fluids,” ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exhibition, Atlanta, Georgia, Nov. 1996.
Tabatabai, S., 1993, “Aspects of Radiation Heat Transfer in ER Fluid Based Composite Windows,” Studienarbeit (Student Thesis), Rheinisch-Westfalrsche Technische Hochschule Aachen/Michigan State University.
Mimouni,  Z., Bossis,  G., Mathis,  C., Meunier,  A., and Paparoditis,  C., 1990, “Field Induced Structure in a Colloidal Suspension,” Prog. Colloid Polym. Sci., 81, pp. 120–125.
Ginder,  J. M., 1993, “Diffuse Optical Probes of Particle Motion and Structure Formation in an Electrorheological Fluid,” Phys. Rev. A, 47(5), pp. 3418–3429.
van de Hulst, H. C., 1957, Light Scattering by Small Particles, John Wiley and Sons, New York.
Kerker, M., 1969, The Scattering of Light and Other Electromagnetic Radiation, Academic Press, New York.
Brewster,  M. Q., and Tien,  C. L., 1982, “Radiative Transfer in Packed Fluidized Beds: Dependent Versus Independent Scattering,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 104, p. 573.
Buckius, R. O., 1986, “Radiative Heat Transfer in Scattering Media: Real Property Considerations,” Proc. of Eighth International Heat Transfer Conference, 1 , p. 141.
Bohren, C. F., and Huffman, D. R., 1983, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles, John Wiley and Sons, New York.
Hargrove, J. B., Lloyd, J. R., and Radcliffe, C. J., 1996, “Radiation Heat Transfer Modeling in Electrorheological Fluids: Treatment as an Absorbing Medium,” Conference Proceedings, ASME International Mechanical Congress and Exposition, Atlanta, GA.
Modest, M. F., 1993, Radiative Heat Transfer, McGraw-Hill, New York.
Cristescu, N., 2000, “Dynamic Simulation of the Electrorheological Effect in a Uniformly Distributed Electric Field,” Master’s thesis, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI.

Figures

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Conceptual schematic of EC fluids
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Schematic of EC fluid window
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Schematic of experimental apparatus
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Zeolite particles, average diameter 25 microns
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Side view of volume of EC fluid with energy terms
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Modeled particle geometry at the base of the electrode
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Volumes excluded in the approximation of Eq. (28)
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Transmittance in dispersed state for varying volume fractions as a function of path length
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Transmittance in dispersed state for varying particle sizes as a function of path length
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Transmittance in the chained particles state as a function of volume fraction (Vf=160 Vrms/mm,L=1.9 mm,2a=11 μm)
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Effect of field strength on transmittance (Vf=160 Vrms/mm,L=1.9 mm,2a=11 μm)

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