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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Evaporation, Boiling, and Condensation

An Experimental Study of Miniature-Scale Pool Boiling

[+] Author and Article Information
Tailian Chen, Jacob N. Chung

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Florida, P.O. Box 116300 Gainesville, FL 32611, USA

J. Heat Transfer 125(6), 1074-1086 (Nov 19, 2003) (13 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1603773 History: Received March 19, 2002; Revised May 20, 2003; Online November 19, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Gad-el-Hak,  M., 1999, “The Fluid Mechanics of Microdevices—The Freeman Scholar Lecture,” J. Fluids Eng., 121, pp. 5–31.
Rainey,  K. N., and You,  S. M., 2001, “Effects of Heater Size and Orientation on Pool Boiling Heat Transfer From Microporous Coated Surfaces,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 44, pp. 2589–2599.
Hijikata, K., Yamamoto, N., and Takagi, S., 1997, “Boiling Heat Transfer From a Micro Heater,” Microelectronicsmechanical Systems (MEMS), ASME, New York.
Rule,  T., and Kim,  J., 1999, “Heat Transfer Behavior on Small Horizontal Heaters During Pool Boiling of FC-72,” Journal of Heat Transfer , 121, pp. 386–393.
Chen,  T., and Chung,  J. N., 2002, “Coalescence of Bubbles in Nucleate Boiling on Microheaters,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 45, pp. 2329–2341.
Incropera, F. P., and DeWitt, D. P., 2002, Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer, Fifth Edition, Wiley, New York.
Kline,  S. J., and McClintock,  F. A., 1953, “Describing Uncertainties in Single-Sample Experiments,” Mechanical Engineering, 75, pp. 3–8.
You,  S. M., Simon,  T. W., Bar-Cohen,  A., and Hong,  Y. S., 1995, “Effects of Dissolved Gas Content on Pool Boiling of a Highly Wetting Fluid,” J. Heat Transfer, 117, pp. 687–692.
Hong,  Y. S., Ammerman,  C. N., and You,  S. M., 1997, “Boiling Characteristics of Cylindrical Heaters in Saturated, Gas-saturated, and Pure-Subcooled FC-72,” J. Heat Transfer, 119, pp. 313–318.
Nukiyama,  S., 1934, “The Maximum and Minimum Values of Heat Transmittal from Metal to Boiling Water Under Atmospheric Pressure,” J. Japan Soc. Mech. Eng., 37, pp. 367–374.
Cole,  R., 1967, “Bubble Frequencies and Departure Volumes at Subatmospheric Pressures,” AIChE J., 13, pp. 779–783.
Scriven,  L. E., 1958, “On the Dynamics of Phase Growth,” Chem. Eng. Sci., 90, pp. 1–13.
Yang,  C., Wu,  Y., Yuan,  X., and Ma,  C., 2000, “Study on Bubble Dynamics for Pool Nucleate Boiling,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 43, pp. 203–208.
Chang,  J. Y., and You,  S. M., 1996, “Heater Orientation Effects on Pool Boiling of Micro-Porous-Enhanced Surfaces in Saturated FC-72,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 118, pp. 937–943.
Han,  C. Y., and Griffith,  P., 1965, “The Mechanism of Heat Transfer in Nuclear Pool Boiling—Part I,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 8, pp. 887–904.
Stralen,  S. J. D., Soha,  M. S., Cole,  R., and Sluyter,  W. M., 1975, “Bubble Growth Rates in Pure and Binary Systems, Combined Effect of Relaxation and Evaporation Microlayers,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 18, pp. 453–467.
Staniszewski, B. E., 1959, “Nucleate Boiling Bubble Growth and Departure,” Tech. Rep. No. 16, Div. Sponsored Res. MIT, Cambridge, MA.
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Figures

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Heater array containing 96 microheaters
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One of the serpentine microheaters on the heater array
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The electronics circuit for temperature control
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Schematic of experiment apparatus
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Heat transfer path from the microheater: (a) boiling experiment; and (b) The heater was turned upside down.
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The heat flux uncertainty at different heater superheats
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The boiling curve for fully gas-saturated and fully degassed cases
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Time-resolved heat flux traces at different superheats
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Heat flux variations during one typical bubble cycle at two superheats
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A close-up view showing the heat flux dips at different superheats
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Hypothetical models for bubble departure at the two regimes: (a) Regime I; and (b) Regime II.
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The trend of max. and min. heat fluxes during one ebullition cycle with various heater superheats
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Bubble departure sizes at different superheats
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The visualization results of bubble departure-nucleation process for #1 heater at ΔT=54°C: (a) the side views; and (b) the bottom views.
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Comparison of measured bubble growth rate with prediction by Scriven 12.
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Comparison of dimensionless growth time and bubble departure size
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Comparison of boiling curves for different heater sizes
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Comparison of peak heat fluxes for different heater sizes

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