TECHNICAL PAPERS: Bubbles, Particles, and Droplets

Measurement of Temperatures on In-Flight Water Droplets by Laser Induced Fluorescence Thermometry

[+] Author and Article Information
V. M. Salazar

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez 2, PR 00681-9045

J. E. González

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Santa Clara University, Santa Clara, CA 95053

L. A. Rivera

Department of Chemistry, University of Puerto Rico-Mayagüez, Mayaguez, PR 00681-9019

J. Heat Transfer 126(2), 279-285 (May 04, 2004) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1667527 History: Received August 22, 2002; Revised December 15, 2003; Online May 04, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Hall,  H. H., and Mudawar,  I., 1995, “Experimental and Numerical Study of Quenching Complex-Shaped Metallic Alloys With Multiple Overlapping Sprays,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 38, pp. 1202–1216.
Sehmbey,  M. S., Pais,  M. R., and Mahefkey,  T., 1995, “Effect of Spray Cooling With Liquid Nitrogen,” J. Thermophys. Heat Transfer, 9(4), pp. 757–765.
Gonzalez,  J. E., and Black,  W. Z., 1997, “Study of Droplet Sprays Prior to Impact on a Heated Horizontal Surface,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 119, pp. 279–287.
Ranz,  W. E., and Marshall,  W., 1952, “Evaporation From Drops Part II,” Chem. Eng. Prog., 48, pp. 173–180.
Van Beeck, J. P. A. J., Giannoulis, D., Zimmer, L., and Riethmuller, M. L., 2001, “Global Rainbow Thermometry For Average Temperature Measurement of Spray Droplets,” Proc. 10th International Symposium on Applications of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics, Lisbon, 10–13 July.
Richards,  C. D., and Richards,  R. F., 1998, “Transient Temperature Measurements in a Convectively Cooled Droplet,” Exp. Fluids, 25, pp. 392–400.
Sakakibara,  J., and Adrian,  R. J., 1999, “Whole Field Measurement of Temperature in Water Using Two-Color Laser Induced Fluorescence,” Exp. Fluids, 26, pp. 7–15.
Ravel, O., 1999, “Aplication a la Mesure de la Temperature de Gouttes Dans un Ecoulement Diphasique, en Combustion et en Impact Parietal,” Ph.D. thesis, L’ecole Nationale Seperieure de L’aeronautique et de L’space, France.
Murray,  A. M., and Melton,  L. A., 1985, “Fluorescence Methods for Determination of Temperature in Fuel Sprays,” Appl. Opt., 24, pp. 2783–2787.
Gossage,  H. E., and Melton,  L. A., 1987, “Fluorescence Thermometers Using Intermolecular Exciplexes,” Appl. Opt., 26, pp. 2256–2259.
Wells,  M., and Melton,  L., 1990, “Temperature Measurements of Falling Droplets,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 112, pp. 1008–1013.
Hanlon,  T. R., and Melton,  L. A., 1992, “Exciplex Fluorescence Thermometry of Falling Hexadecane Droplets,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 114, pp. 450–457.
Kadota,  T., Miyoshi,  K., and Tsue,  M., 1993, “Exciplex Method for Remote Probing of Fuel Droplet Temperature (Effects of Ambient Conditions of Fluorescence),” Japan Society of Mechanical Engineering Journal,36, pp. 371–377.
Yoshizaki, T., Takemura, Y., Hisaeda, T., Nishida, K., and Hiroyasu, H., 1996, “Planar Measurements of the Liquid Phase Temperature in Diesel Sprays Injected into High-Pressure and High Temperature Environments,” International Spring Fuels & Lubricants Meeting, Dearborn, Michigan, No. 961202, pp. 1–16.
Escobar, S., González, J. E., and Rivera, L., 2001, “Laser Induced Fluorescence Temperature Sensor for In-Flight Droplets,” Journal of Experimental Heat Transfer, 14 , pp. 119–134.
Parrado, M., 2000, “Characterization of In-Flight Droplets Generated by Thermal Ink-Jet Print Heads,” M.S. thesis, University of Puerto Rico, Mayagüez.
Kim, H. J., and Kihm, K. D., 2001, “Application of a Two-Color Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF) Technique for Temperature Mapping,” Proc. of 2001 ASME Int. Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, New York, 11–16 November, IMECE2001/HTD-24411.
Kim,  H. J., Kihm,  K. D., and Allen,  J. S., 2003, “Examination of Ratiometric Laser Induced Fluorescence Thermometry for Microscale Spatial Measurement Resolution,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 46, pp. 3967–3974.
Lavieilli,  P., Lemoine,  F., Lavergne,  G., Virepinte,  J. F., and Lebouche,  M., 2000, “Temperature Measurements on Droplets in Monodisperse Stream Using Laser-Induced Fluorescence,” Exp. Fluids, 29, pp. 429–437.
Birks, J. B., 1970, Photophysics of Aromatic Molecules, Wiley-Interscience, New York.
Okano,  L. T., El Seoud,  O. A., and Halstead,  T. K., 1997, “A Proton NMR Study on Aggregation of Cationic Surfactants in Water: Effects of the Structure of the Headgroup,” Colloid and Interface Science,275(2), pp. 138–145.
Takahashi,  F., Schmoll,  W., and Dressler,  J., 1994, “Characterization of a Velocity-Modulation Atomizer,” Rev. Sci. Instrum., 65(11), pp. 3563–3569.
Lu,  Q. Z., and Melton,  L. A., 2000, “Measurement of Transient Temperature Field Within a Falling Droplet,” AIAA J., 38(1), pp. 95–101.
Figliola, R. S., and Beasley, D. E., 2000, Theory and Design for Mechanical Measurements, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., pp. 159–161.
Johnson, R. W., 1998, The Handbook of Fluid Dynamics, CRC Press, Washington, D.C., USA, pp. C-2–C-3.
Moran, M. J., and Shapiro, H. N., 2000, Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, USA, p. 804.
Mills, A. F., 2001, Mass Transfer, Prentice Hall, Inc., New Jersey, USA, p. 391.


Grahic Jump Location
Typical fluorescence emission spectra for an excimeric solution. In this case the solution is 5 mM pyrene in ethanol at ambient temperature.
Grahic Jump Location
(Left superior corner) Atomizer and orifice plate, (Right) Schematic diagram of the experimental setup for droplet temperature measurements
Grahic Jump Location
Simultaneous observation of the stream of droplets at two different wavelengths range, the monomer and the red shifted excimer in a gray false color
Grahic Jump Location
Emission spectra taken in a fluorescence spectrophotometer for the water pyrene/CDBAC/water solution at 5 mM concentration of both pyrene and CBBAC, with excitation wavelength at λ=337 nm
Grahic Jump Location
LIF thermometry calibration curves for a pyrene/CDBAC/water solution at 5 mM concentration from data collected at a fluorescence spectrophotometer (continuous line refers to the heating process and the dots to the cooling process), and in-situ calibration curve developed with the spray experimental setup
Grahic Jump Location
Experimental temperature measurements [dots] for a single stream of in-flight water droplets (200 μm in diameter) doped with pyrene/CDBAC dye at 5 mM concentration, and a comparison with results of a theoretical model (solid lines), for initial temperatures of 30, 40, and 50°C




Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In