0
RESEARCH PAPER

A Computational Study on Flame-Solid Radiative Interaction in Flame Spread Over Thin Solid-Fuel

[+] Author and Article Information
Amit Kumar, Kevin Tolejko, James S. T’ien

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106

J. Heat Transfer 126(4), 611-620 (Mar 17, 2004) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1773196 History: Received February 28, 2003; Revised March 17, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

De Ris,  J. N., 1969, “Spread of a Laminar Diffusion Flame,” Proc. Combust. Inst., Pittsburgh, PA,12, pp. 241–252.
Fakheri, A., and Olson, S. L., 1989, “The Effects of Radiative Heat Loss on Microgravity Flame Spread,” AIAA Paper No. 89-0504.
Bhattacharjee,  S., and Altenkirch,  R. A., 1990, “Radiation Controlled, Opposed-Flow Flame Spread in a Microgravity Environment,” Proc. Combust. Inst., Pittsburgh, PA, 23, pp. 1627–1633.
Bhattacharjee,  S., Altenkirch,  R. A., Olson,  S. L., and Sotos,  R. G., 1991, “Heat Transfer to a Thin Solid Combustible in Flame Spreading at Microgravity,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 113, pp. 670–676.
Chen,  C.-H., and Cheng,  M.-C., 1994, “Gas Phase Radiative Effects on Downward Flame Spread in Low Gravity,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 97, pp. 63–83.
T’ien, J. S., Shih, H. Y., Jiang, C. B., Ross, H. D., Miller, J., Fernandez-Pello, A. C., Torero, J. L., and Walther, D., 2001, “Mechanisms of Flame Spread and Smolder Wave Propagation,” in Microgravity Combustion: Fire in Free Fall, H. Ross, ed., Academic Press.
Olson,  S. L., Ferkul,  P. V., and T’ien,  J. S., 1988, “Near-Limit Flame Spread Over a Thin Fuel in Microgravity,” Proc. Combust. Inst.,22, pp. 1213–1222.
Bhattacharjee,  S., Altenkirch,  R. A., and Sacksteder,  K., 1996, “The Effect of Ambient Pressure on Flamespread Over Thin Cellulosic Fuel in a Quiescente, Microgravity Environment,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 118, pp. 181–190.
Lin,  T.-H., and Chen,  C.-H., 1999, “Influence of Two-Dimensional Gas Phase Radiation on Downward Flame Spread,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 141, pp. 83–106.
Grayson,  G., Sacksteder,  K. R., Ferkul,  P. V., and T’ien,  J. S., 1994, “Flame Spreading Over a Thin Solid in Low-Speed Concurrent Flow-Drop Tower Experimental Results and Comparison With Theory,” Microgravity Sci. Technol., 7(2), pp. 187–195.
Dietrich,  D. L., Ross,  H. D., Shu,  Y., Chang,  P., and T’ien,  J. S., 2000, “Candle Flame in Non-Buoyant Atmospheres,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 156, pp. 1–24.
Bedir,  H., T’ien,  J. S., and Lee,  H. S., 1997, “Comparison of Different Radiation Treatments for a One-Dimensional Diffusion Flame,” Combust. Theory Modell., 1, pp. 395–404.
Feier,  I. I., Shih,  H. Y., Sacksteder,  K. R., and Tien,  J. S., 2002, “Upward Flame Spread Over Thin Solids in Partial Gravity,” Proc. Combust. Inst., Pittsburgh, PA, 29, pp. 2569–2577.
Ferkul,  P. V., and T’ien,  J. S., 1994, “A Model of Low-Speed Concurrent Flow Flame Spread Over a Thin Fuel,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 99, pp. 345–370.
Jiang, C. B., 1995, “A Model of Flame Spread Over a Thin Solid in Concurrent Flow With Flame Radiation,” Ph.D. thesis, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH.
Di Blasi,  C., 1995, “Predictions of Wind-Opposed Flame Spread Rates and Energy Feedback Analysis for Charring Solids in a Microgravity Environment,” Combust. Flame, 100, pp. 332–340.
Rhatigan,  J. L., Bedir,  H., and T’ien,  J. S., 1998, “Gas-Phase Radiative Effects on the Burning and Extinction of a Solid Fuel,” Combust. Flame, 112, pp. 231–241.
Tien, C. L., 1968, “Thermal Radiation Properties of Gases,” Advances in Heat Transfer, Academic Press, New York, 5 , pp. 234–254.
Kumar,  A., Shih,  H., and T’ien,  J. S., 2003, “A Comparison of Extinction Limits and Spreading Rates in Opposed and Concurrent Spreading Flames Over Thin Solids,” Combust. Flame, 132, pp. 667–677.
Patankar, S. V., 1980, Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow, Hemisphere Pub. Co., New York.
Fiveland,  W. A., 1984, “Discerete Ordinates Solutions of the Radiative Transfer Equation for Rectangular Enclosures,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 106, pp. 699–706.
Kim,  T. K., and Lee,  H. S., 1989, “Radiative Transfer in Two-Dimensional Anisotropic Scattering Media With Collimated Incidence,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf., 42, pp. 225–238.
Frey,  A. E., and T’ien,  J. S., 1976, “Near-Limit Flames Over Paper Samples,” Combust. Flame, 26, pp. 263–289.
T’ien,  J. S., 1986, “Diffusion Flame Extinction at Small Stretch Rates: The Mechanism of Radiative Loss,” Combust. Flame, 65, pp. 31–34.
T’ien,  J. S., 1990, “The Possibility of a Reversal of Material Flammability Ranking From Normal Gravity to Microgravity,” Combust. Flame, 80, pp. 355–357.
Honda,  L. K., and Ronney,  P. D., 1988, “Effect of Ambient Atmosphere on Flame Spread at Microgravity,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 133, pp. 267–291.
Pettegrew, R., Street, K., Plitch, N., T’ien, J. S., and Morrison, P., 2003, “Measurement and Evaluation of the Radiative Properties of a Thin Solid Fuels,” AIAA Paper No. 2003-0511.
Bhattacharjee,  S., and Altenkirch,  R. A., 1991, “The Effect of Surface Radiation on Flame Spread in a Quiescent, Microgravity Environment,” Combust. Flame, 84, pp. 160–169.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Schematic of opposed (downward/self-propagating) flow spreading flame
Grahic Jump Location
(a) Normal gravity (1g) downward spreading flame at 21% O2, solid radiative properties of (ε=α=1), flame is represented by fuel reaction rate contours. Left half: stream functions, Right half: velocity vectors with respect to flame; and (b) microgravity (μg) self-propagating flame at 21% O2, solid radiative properties (ε=α=1), flame is represented by fuel reaction rate contours. Left half: stream functions, Right half: velocity vectors with respect to flame.
Grahic Jump Location
Heat flux distribution on the solid for (a) normal gravity downward spreading flame at 21% O2(ε=α=1); and (b) microgravity (μg) self-propagating flame at 21% O2(ε=α=1)
Grahic Jump Location
Flame spread rate as a function of radiation properties of the solid ε(=α), in normal gravity (1g) and microgravity (μg) environment
Grahic Jump Location
Limiting Oxygen Index (LOI) as a function of radiation properties of the solid ε(=α), in 1g and μg environment
Grahic Jump Location
Parametric study of flame solid interaction in μg self-propagating flame. Inset shows equivalent curves for 1g flame.
Grahic Jump Location
Heat flux distribution on the solid (a) (ε=α=0); (b) (ε=1, α=0); (c) (ε=0, α=1); and (d) (ε=1, α=1)

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In