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TECHNICAL NOTES

Feasibility of High Speed Furnace Drawing of Optical Fibers

[+] Author and Article Information
Xu Cheng, Yogesh Jaluria

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ 08854

J. Heat Transfer 126(5), 852-857 (Nov 16, 2004) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1795246 History: Received March 04, 2004; Revised June 10, 2004; Online November 16, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
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References

Paek,  U. C., and Runk,  R. B., 1978, “Physical Behavior of the Neck-down Region during Furnace Drawing of Silica Fibers,” J. Appl. Phys., 49, pp. 4417–4422.
Paek,  U. C., 1999, “Free Drawing and Polymer Coating of Silica Glass Optical Fibers,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 121, pp. 775–788.
Blyler,  L. L., and Williams,  J. C., 1987, “Optical Fiber Drawing and Coating,” AIChE Symp. Ser., 83, pp. 27–28.
Lee,  S. H.-K., and Jaluria,  Y., 1997, “Simulation of the Transport Processes in the Neck-Down Region of a Furnace Drawn Optical Fiber,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 40, pp. 843–856.
Sayles,  R., and Caswell,  B., 1984, “A Finite Element Analysis of the Upper Jet Region of a Fiber Drawing Flow Field,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 27, pp. 57–67.
Myers,  M. R., 1989, “A Model for Unsteady Analysis of Preform Drawing,” AIChE J., 35, pp. 592–602.
Yin,  Z., and Jaluria,  Y., 1997, “Zonal Method to Model Radiative Transport in an Optical Fiber Drawing Furnace,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 119, pp. 597–603.
Roy Choudhury,  S., Jaluria,  Y., and Lee,  S. H.-K., 1999, “Generation of Neck-Down Profile for Furnace Drawing of Optical fiber,” Numer. Heat Transfer, 35, pp. 1–24.
Yin,  Z., and Jaluria,  Y., 1998, “Thermal Transport and Material Flow in High Speed Optical Fiber Drawing,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 120, pp. 916–930.
Roy Choudhury,  S. and Jaluria,  Y., 1998, “Thermal Transport due to Material and Gas Flow in a Furnace for Drawing an Optical Fiber,” J. Mater. Res., 13, pp. 494–503.
Cheng,  X., and Jaluria,  Y., 2002, “Effect of Draw Furnace Geometry on High-Speed Optical Fiber Manufacturing,” Numer. Heat Transfer, 41, pp. 757–781.
Dianov,  E. M., Kashin,  V. V., Perminov,  S. M., Perminova,  V. N., Runanov,  S. Ya, and Sysoev,  S. M., 1988, “The Effects of Different Conditions on the Drawing of Fibers from Preforms,” Glass Technol., 29, pp. 258–262.
Roy Choudhury,  S., and Jaluria,  Y., 1998, “Practical Aspects in the Drawing of an Optical Fiber,” J. Mater. Res., 13, pp. 483–493.
Cheng, X., and Jaluria, Y., 2002, “Thermal Design of Draw Furnace in Optical Fiber Manufacturing,” Heat Transfer 2002, Proc. 12th Int. Heat Transfer Conf., Grenoble, France, Elsevier SAS, pp. 839–845.
Issa,  J., Yin,  Z., Polymeropoulos,  C. E., and Jaluria,  Y., 1996, “Temperature Distribution in an Optical Fiber Draw Tower Furnace,” J. Mater. Process. Manuf. Sci., 4, pp. 221–232.
Yin,  Z., and Jaluria,  Y., 2000, “Neckdown and Thermally Induced Defects in High Speed Optical Fiber Drawing,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 122, pp. 351–362.
Jaluria,  Y., 2003, “Thermal Processing of Materials: From Basic Research to Engineering,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 125, pp. 957–979.
Jaluria, Y., 1998, Design and Optimization of Thermal Systems, McGraw-Hill, New York.

Figures

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Sketch of the furnace in a typical optical fiber manufacturing system
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Results obtained from a feasibility study of the fiber drawing process, in terms of “isotension” contours for the feasible range of fiber drawing
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A parabolic temperature profile specified at the furnace wall
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Feasible domain for a parabolic furnace temperature distribution in terms of (a) the draw speed and the furnace length at a draw temperature of 2500 K, and (b) the draw temperature and the furnace length at a draw speed of 15 m/s
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Comparison of feasible domains at (a) draw speed of 5 m/s, and (b) draw speed of 15 m/s
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Neck-down profile corrections for infeasible fiber drawing circumstances at a draw speed of 15 m/s and a furnace temperature of (a) 2200 K, and (b) 2300 K
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Neck-down profile corrections at a draw speed of 15 m/s for (a) infeasible fiber drawing circumstance at a furnace temperature of 2400 K, and (b) a feasible fiber drawing circumstance at a furnace temperature of 2600 K

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