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RESEARCH PAPER

Study of Lateral Merger of Vapor Bubbles During Nucleate Pool Boiling

[+] Author and Article Information
A. Mukherjee, V. K. Dhir

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 Phone: (310) 825-8507; Fax: (310) 206-4830

J. Heat Transfer 126(6), 1023-1039 (Jan 26, 2005) (17 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1834614 History: Received November 04, 2003; Revised August 09, 2004; Online January 26, 2005
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
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References

Gaertner,  R. F., 1965, “Photographic Study of Nucleate Pool Boiling on a Horizontal Surface,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 87, pp. 17–29.
Mikic,  B. B., and Rohsenow,  W. M., 1969, “A New Correlation of Pool-Boiling Data Including the Effect of Heating Surface Characteristics,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 9, pp. 245–250.
Yu,  C. L., and Mesler,  R. B., 1977, “A Study of Nucleate Boiling Near the Peak Heat Flux Through Measurement of Transient Surface Temperature,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 20, pp. 827–840.
Dhir,  V. K., 1991, “Nucleate and Transition Boiling Heat Transfer Under Pool and External Flow Conditions,” Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow, 21, pp. 290–314.
Ramanujapu, N., and Dhir, V. K., 2000, “On the Formation of Vapor Columns and Mushroom Type Bubbles During Nucleate Boiling on a Horizontal Surface,” in Proceedings of NHTC’00, NHTC2000-12208, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Chen,  Tailian, and Chung,  J. N., 2002, “Coalescence of Bubbles in Nucleate Boiling on Microheaters,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 45, pp. 2329–2341.
Chen,  Tailian, and Chung,  J. N., 2003, “Heat Transfer Effects of Coalescence of Bubbles From Various Site Distributions,” Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A, 459, pp. 2497–2527.
Son,  G., Dhir,  V. K., and Ramanujapu,  N., 1999, “Dynamics and Heat Transfer Associated With a Single Bubble During Nucleate Boiling on a Horizontal Surface,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 121, pp. 623–631.
Patankar, S. V., 1980, Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow, Hemisphere Publishing Company, Washington, D.C.
Van Doormaal,  J. P., and Raithby,  G. D., 1984, “Enhancements of the SIMPLE Method for Predicting Incompressible Fluid Flows,” Numer. Heat Transfer, 7, pp. 147–163.
Patankar,  S. V., 1981, “A Calculation Procedure for Two-Dimensional Elliptic Situations,” Numer. Heat Transfer, 4, pp. 409–425.
Sussman,  M., Smereka,  P., and Osher,  S., 1994, “A Level Set Approach for Computing Solutions to Incompressible Two-Phase Flow,” J. Comput. Phys., 114, pp. 146–159.
Fedkiw, R. P., Aslam, T., Merriman, B., and Osher, S., 1998, “A Nonoscillatory Eulerian Approach to Interfaces in Multimaterial Flows (The Ghost Fluid Method),” UCLA CAM Report No. 98-17, Los Angeles, CA.
Son,  G., Ramanujapu,  N., and Dhir,  V. K., 2002, “Numerical Simulation of Bubble Merger Process on a Single Nucleation Site During Nucleate Pool Boiling,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 124, pp. 51–62.
Kays, W. M., and Crawford, M. E., 1980, Convective Heat and Mass Transfer, McGraw–Hill, New York, p. 328.

Figures

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Microlayer and macrolayer
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Typical computational domain
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Growth and departure of single bubble for a wall superheat of 10°C
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Bubble growth rate and convergence check
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Effect of time step change and comparison with Son et al.
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Merger and departure of two bubbles for a wall superheat of 10°C
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Comparison of growth rate for two-bubble merger at 5°C wall superheat with experimental data
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Numerical results and experimental observations of two-bubble merger at 5°C wall superheat
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Comparison of bubble shapes during two-bubble merger at 5°C wall superheat
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Merger of three bubbles in a line for a wall superheat of 10°C
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Merger of three bubbles in a triangle for a wall superheat of 10°C
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Three-bubble merger in plane at 6°C superheat
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Numerical simulation of three-bubble merger in plane at 6°C wall superheat
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Comparison of growth rate for three-bubble merger in plane at 6°C wall superheat with experimental data
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Comparison of bubble growth at 10°C wall superheat
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Comparison of wall heat transfer at 10°C wall superheat
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Temperature field around single bubble at 12.8 ms
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Temperature field in two-bubble merger case at 6.7 ms
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Temperature field in two-bubble merger case at 12.8 ms
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Temperature field around merged three in-line bubbles at 5.4 ms
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Temperature field around merged three in-line bubbles at 12.0 ms
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Temperature field during merger of three bubbles in triangle at 8.6 ms
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Effect of bubble orientation on the area of influence

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