0
Article

Effect of the Location and the Properties of Thermostatic Expansion Valve Sensor Bulb on the Stability of a Refrigeration System

[+] Author and Article Information
Veerendra Mulay, Amit Kulkarni, Dereje Agonafer

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington TX 76010e-mail: agonafer@uta.edu

Roger Schmidt

IBM Corporation, Poughkeepsie, NYe-mail: c28rrs@us.ibm.com

J. Heat Transfer 127(1), 85-94 (Feb 15, 2005) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1839584 History: Received May 06, 2004; Revised August 18, 2004; Online February 15, 2005
Copyright © 2005 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Schmidt, R., 2000, “Low Temperature Electronic Cooling,” Electronics Cooling Magazine, 6 , No. 3.
Laxminarayan, V., 2000, “What Causes Semiconductor Devices to Fail,” Test and Measurement Europe.
Needham, Prunty, and Yeoh, 1998, “High Volume Microprocessor Test Escapes, An Analysis of Defects Our Tests are Missing,” International Test Conference, pp. 25–34, IEEE, Los Alamitas, CA.
Wang,  H., and Tauber,  S., 1991, “Distributed and Non-Steady State Modeling of an Air Cooler,” Int. J. Refrig., 14, pp. 98–111.
Gruhle,  W. D., and Isermann,  R., 1985, “Modeling and Control of a Refrigerant Evaporator,” J. Dyn. Syst., Meas., Control, 107, pp. 235–240.
Jia,  X., Tso,  C. P., Chia,  P. K., and Jolly,  P., 1995, “A Distributed Model for Prediction of the Transient Response of an Evaporator,” Int. J. Refrig., 18, pp. 336–342.
Yasuda,  H., Touber,  S., and Machielsen,  C. H. M., 1983, “Simulation Model of a Vapor Compression Refrigeration Systems,” ASHRAE Trans., 89, No. 2, pp. 408–425.
Stoecker,  W. F., 1966, “Stability of an Evaporator-Expansion Valve Control Loop,” ASHRAE Trans., 72, No. 2, pp. IV.3.1–IV.3.8.
Broersen,  P. M. T., and Van der Jagt,  M. F. G., 1980, “Hunting of Evaporators Controlled by a Thermostatic Expansion Valve,” J. Dyn. Syst., Meas., Control, 102, pp. 130–135.
He,  X., Liu,  S., and Asada,  H., 1997, “Modeling of Vapor Compression Cycles for Multivariable Feedback Control of HVAC Systems,” J. Dyn. Syst., Meas., Control, 119, pp. 183–191.
Grald,  E., and MacArthur,  J., 1992, “A Moving-Boundary Formulation for Modeling Time-Dependent Two-Phase Flows,” Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow, 13, pp. 266–272.
Wedekind,  G. L., and Kobus,  C. J., 1994, “Modeling Thermally Governed Transient Flows in Multitube Evaporating Flow Systems With Thermal and Flow Distribution Asymmetry,” J. Heat Transfer, 116, pp. 503–505.
Dhar, M., and Soedel, W., 1979, “Transient Analysis of a Vapor Compression Refrigeration Systems: Part I—The Mathematical Model,” Proc. XVth International Congress of Refrigeration, pp. 1035–1048.
De Bruijn, M., van der Jagt, M., and Machielsen, C., 1979, “Simulation Experiments of a Compression Refrigeration System,” Proceedings IMACS Congress Simulation of Systems, pp. 645–653.
Wedekind, G. L., 1965, “Transient Response of the Mixture-Vapor Transition Point in Two-Phase Horizontal Evaporating Flow,” Ph.D. thesis, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Barnhart, J. S., “An Experimental Investigation of Flow Patters and Liquid Entertainment in a Horizontal-Tube Evaporator,” Ph.D. thesis, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Mumma, S., 1971, “Predicting the Dynamic Response Characteristics of a Refrigerant Evaporator,” M.S. thesis, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Tassou,  S. A., and Al-Nizari,  H. O., 1993, “Effect of Refrigerant Flow Control on the Thermodynamic Performances of Reciprocating Chillers,” Appl. Energy, 45, pp. 101–116.
Ding, Y., Agonafer, D., and Schmidt, R., 2000, “Mathematical Model for Thermostatic Expansion Valve,” IMECE, Orlando.
Christensen, J., and Robinson, M., “TXV Hysterisis and Evaporator Characteristics,” www.arcnews.com/CDA/ArticleInformation/BNP_Features_Item/0,1338,19555,00.html
Wedekind, G. L., and Stoecker, W. F., 1966, “Transient Response of the Vapor Transition Point in Horizontal Evaporator Flow,” Fourth Technical Session of the ASRAE 73rd Annual Meeting, Toronto, Canada.
Ibrahim, G. A., 1998, “Theoretical Investigation Into Instability of a Refrigeration System With an Evaporator Controlled by a Thermostatic Expansion Valve,” Can. J. Chem. Eng., 76 .
Danning, P., 1992, “Liquid-Feed Regulation by Thermostatic Expansion Valve,” Journal of Refrigeration, 52 , No. 5.
Jolly,  P. G., Tso,  C. P., Chia,  P. K., and Wong,  Y. W., 2000, “Intelligent Control to Reduce Superheat Hunting and Optimize Evaporator Performance in Container Refrigeration,” HVAC&R Res., 6, No. 3, pp. 243–255.
Kulkarni, A., Mulay, V., Agonafer, D., and Schmidt, R., 2002, “Effect of Thermostatic Expansion Valve Characteristics on the Stability of Refrigeration System Part-I,” Transactions of ITHERM 2002, San Diego.
Kulkarni, A., Agonafer, D., and Schmidt, R., 2003, “Effect of Thermostatic Expansion Valve Characteristics on the Stability of Refrigeration System Part-II,” Transactions of INTERPACK 2003, Maui.
Huelle, R., 1967, “Heat Load Influences Upon Evaporator Parameters,” International Congress of Refrigeration, Madrid, (3.32), pp. 985–999.
Huelle, Z. R., 1967, “Thermal Balance of Evaporator Fed Through Thermostatic Expansion Valve,” XII International Congress of Refrigeration, Madrid, (3.33), pp. 1001–1010.
Huelle, Z. R., 1972, “The Mass-Line—A New Approach to the Hunting Problem,” ASHRAE, pp. 43–46.
Lenger, M. J., 1998, “Superheat Stability of an Evaporator and Thermostatic Expansion Valve,” Master’s thesis, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.
Heat/Piping/Air Cond., 1990, 62 , No. 7.
Dr. Roger Schmidt, IBM (private communication).

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
IBM S/390 G4 CMOS system
Grahic Jump Location
Vapor compression refrigeration system
Grahic Jump Location
Definition of static superheat and open superheat
Grahic Jump Location
Relationship of mass flow rate versus opening superheat for a constant pressure drop
Grahic Jump Location
Behavior of refrigerant inside the evaporator
Grahic Jump Location
Schematic of experimental bench
Grahic Jump Location
Actual experimental setup
Grahic Jump Location
Bulb locations C, B, A, A1, and A2 on the suction line
Grahic Jump Location
Variation of evaporator outlet superheat; bulb location C
Grahic Jump Location
Variation of evaporator outlet superheat; bulb location B
Grahic Jump Location
Variation of evaporator outlet superheat; bulb location A
Grahic Jump Location
Effect of change in bulb location at 1000 W load for locations A, B, and C
Grahic Jump Location
Effect of change in bulb location at 750 W loads for locations A, B, and C
Grahic Jump Location
Effect of change in bulb location at 500 W load for locations A, B, and C
Grahic Jump Location
Superheat variation at 1000 W
Grahic Jump Location
Variation in interface temperature
Grahic Jump Location
Bulb and evaporator exit temperature for Valve EQ2-JC
Grahic Jump Location
Bulb and evaporator exit temperature for Valve EQ2-JCP60
Grahic Jump Location
Bulb and evaporator exit temperature for Valve EQ2-JZPM  

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In