0
RESEARCH PAPER

Fluidized Bed Combustion of a Biomass Fuel: Comparison Between Pilot Scale Experiments and Model Simulations

[+] Author and Article Information
Francesco Miccio, Fabrizio Scala, Riccardo Chirone

Istituto di Ricerche sulla Combustione, CNR, P.le V. Tecchio 80, 80125 Napoli, Italy

J. Heat Transfer 127(2), 117-122 (Mar 15, 2005) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1842787 History: Received November 10, 2003; Revised September 03, 2004; Online March 15, 2005
Copyright © 2005 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

La Nauze,  R. D., 1987, “A Review of the Fluidized Bed Combustion of Biomass,” J. Inst. Energy, 60, pp. 66–76.
Anthony,  E. J., 1995, “Fluidized Bed Combustion of Alternative Solid Fuels: Status, Success and Problems of the Technology,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci., 21, pp. 239–268.
Andersson, B. A., Leckner, B., and Amand, L. E., 1985, “Fluidized-Bed Combustion of Coals and Alternative Fuels,” Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Fluidized Bed Combustion, ASME, New York, pp. 1019–1029.
Fiorentino,  M., and Miccio,  F., 2000, “On the Relevance of Segregation Phenomena During Bubbling Fluidized Bed Combustion and Desulfurization of Ebonite,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 159, pp. 57–86.
Chirone, R., Marzocchella, A., Salatino, P., and Scala, F., 2001, “Fluidized Bed Combustion of High-Volatile Solid Fuels,” Fluidization X, M. Kwauk, J. Li, and W. Jang, eds., Engineering Foundation, New York, pp. 645–652.
Scala,  F., and Salatino,  P., 2002, “Modelling Fluidized Bed Combustion of High-Volatile Solid Fuels,” Chem. Eng. Sci., 57, pp. 1175–1196.
Grubor, B. D., Oka, S. N., Ilic, M. S., Dakic, D. V., and Arsic, B. T., 1995, “Biomass FBC Combustion–Bed Agglomeration Problems,” Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Fluidized Bed Combustion, ASME, New York, pp. 515–522.
Natarajan,  E., Ohman,  M., Gabra,  M., Nordin,  A., Liliedahl,  T., and Rao,  A. N., 1998, “Experimental Determination of Bed Agglomeration Tendencies of Some Common Agricultural Residues in Fluidized Bed Combustion and Gasification,” Biomass Bioenergy, 15, pp. 163–169.
Skrifvars,  B., Backman,  R., and Hupa,  M., 1998, “Characterization of the Sintering Tendency of Ten Biomass Ashes in FBC Conditions by a Laboratory Test and by Phase Equilibrium Calculations,” Fuel Process. Technol., 56, pp. 55–67.
Chirone,  R., Salatino,  P., and Scala,  F., 2000, “The Relevance of Attrition to the Fate of Ashes During Fluidized-Bed Combustion of a Biomass,” Proc. Combust. Inst., 28, pp. 2279–2286.
Salatino,  P., Scala,  F., and Chirone,  R., 1998, “Fluidized Bed Combustion of a Biomass Char: the Influence of Carbon Attrition and Fines Postcombustion on Fixed Carbon Conversion,” Proc. Combust. Inst., 27, pp. 3103–3110.
Scala,  F., Salatino,  P., and Chirone,  R., 2000, “Fluidized Bed Combustion of a Biomass Char (Robinia Pseudoacacia),” Energy Fuels, 14, pp. 781–790.
Fiorentino,  M., Marzocchella,  A., and Salatino,  P., 1997, “Segregation of Fuel Particles and Volatile Matter During Devolatilization in a Fluidized Bed Reactor—I. Model Development,” Chem. Eng. Sci., 52, pp. 1893–1908.
Fiorentino,  M., Marzocchella,  A., and Salatino,  P., 1997, “Segregation of Fuel Particles and Volatile Matter During Devolatilization in a Fluidized Bed Reactor—II. Experimental,” Chem. Eng. Sci., 52, pp. 1909–1922.
Madrali, E. S., Ercikan, D., and Ekinci, E., 1991, “Changes in Fuel Particle Structure and its Effect on Segregation in Fluidized Beds During the Initial Combustion Stages,” FBC—Technology and the Environmental Challenge, Hilger, London, pp. 139–147.
Kunii, D., and Levenspiel, O., 1991, Fluidization Engineering 2nd ed., Butterworth-Heinemann, Boston.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Scheme of the fluidized bed combustor FBC-370
Grahic Jump Location
Photograph of biomass particles (shells of pine-seeds)
Grahic Jump Location
Temperature profiles along combustor axis at different fluidization velocities and feeding options
Grahic Jump Location
Freeboard over-temperature versus excess air ratio
Grahic Jump Location
Heat distribution in the bed region for U-Bed and O-Bed feeding options (U=0.97 m/s;e=1.23)
Grahic Jump Location
Radial profiles of gaseous species in the splashing zone. The X coordinate is adimensionalized with the combustor diameter (U=0.97 m/s;e=1.23)
Grahic Jump Location
A comparison of calculated and experimental carbon loadings as a function of the fluidization velocity (e=1.2)
Grahic Jump Location
Calculated fractions of the total heat released/recirculated in the bed (U=0.97 m/s;e=1.23).
Grahic Jump Location
A comparison of calculated and experimental splashing region over-temperature as a function of the fluidization velocity (e=1.2)

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In