TECHNICAL PAPERS: Heat and Mass Transfer

Modulated Air Layer Heat and Moisture Transport by Ventilation and Diffusion From Clothing With Open Aperture

[+] Author and Article Information
Nesreen Ghaddar, Jihad Harathani

American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon

Kamel Ghali

Beirut Arab University, Beirut, Lebanon

J. Heat Transfer 127(3), 287-297 (Mar 24, 2005) (11 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1857949 History: Received January 09, 2004; Revised December 13, 2004; Online March 24, 2005
Copyright © 2005 by ASME
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Grahic Jump Location
Schematic of the physical domain of (a) the fabric-air layer-skin system; (b) the fabric model, and (c) the variation in time of the ratio of air layer thickness to the air layer mean thickness
Grahic Jump Location
Computational grid system
Grahic Jump Location
The variation with time of the internal modulated air layer parallel flow rate and normal mass flux (a) ṁax and (b) ṁay, respectively, at x=0.2 L, 0.4 L, 0.6 L, 0.8 L and L using the presented Womersley model for the parallel flow at the frequency of 25 rpm, CD=1,Ym=38.1 mm, and ΔY=6.35 mm
Grahic Jump Location
The variation of the Womersley and Poisueille models time-averaged mass flow rates with x at three different ventilation frequencies of 15, 25, and 35 rpm for CD=1,Ym=38.1 mm, and ΔY=6.35 mm
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The fabric space-averaged regain as a function of time for the both the Womersley and Poiseuille 2D models of parallel flow (open aperture), and the 1D normal flow model (closed aperture)
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The variation in time of (a) the internal air layer temperature at x=0.4, 0.6 L, 0.8 L and L, at f=25 rpm and CD=1, and for the 1D normal flow model at f=25 rpm, (b) the 2D space-averaged internal air layer temperature over the length L and 1D normal flow model f=25 rpm, and (c) the 2D space-averaged humidity ratios of the 2D and 1D models at f=25 rpm
Grahic Jump Location
The Womersley-based 2D model time-averaged (a) sensible and (b) latent heat losses from the skin in Watt/m2 as a function of x at three different ventilation frequencies of 15, 25, and 35 rpm for CD=1,Ym=38.1 mm and ΔY=6.35 mm. The Poisueille-based 2D model at f=25 rpm is also shown.
Grahic Jump Location
The parallel Womersley flow model time-averaged (a) sensible and (b) latent heat losses from the skin in W/m2 as a function of x
Grahic Jump Location
The predicted fabric regain using ventilation model for the conditions of Ghali et al. experiment 1 at various air flow rates from zero to 0.05242 kg/m2 ⋅s. On the same graph, the diffusion model regain in still air is shown.
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Schematic representation of the air mass balance on element of thickness dx



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