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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Heat Exchangers

An Experimental and Theoretical Investigation of the Effect of Flow Maldistribution on the Thermal Performance of Plate Heat Exchangers

[+] Author and Article Information
B. Prabhakara Rao

Heat Transfer and Thermal Power Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology-Madras, Chennai—600 036, India

Bengt Sunden

Division of Heat Transfer, Department of Heat and Power Engineering, Lund Institute of Technology, Lund, Sweden

Sarit K. Das

Heat Transfer and Thermal Power Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology-Madras, Chennai—600 036, Indiae-mail: skdas@iitm.ac.in or sarit_das@hotmail.com

J. Heat Transfer 127(3), 332-343 (Mar 24, 2005) (12 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1860568 History: Received May 25, 2004; Revised December 22, 2004; Online March 24, 2005
Copyright © 2005 by ASME
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References

Focke,  W. W., Zachariades,  J., and Olivier,  I., 1985, “The Effect of the Corrugation Angle on the Thermodynamic Performance of Plate Heat Exchangers,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 28(8), pp. 1469–1479.
Muley,  A., and Manglik,  R. M., 1999, “Experimental Study of Turbulent Flow Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop in a Plate Heat Exchanger With Chevron Plates,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 121(1), pp. 110–117.
Jackson,  B. W., and Troupe,  R. A., 1966, “Plate Heat Exchanger Design by ε-NTU Method,” Chem. Eng. Prog., Symp. Series No. 64, 62, pp. 185–190.
Kandlikar, S., 1984, “Performance Curves for Different Plate Heat Exchanger Configurations,” ASME, New York, ASME Paper No. 84-HT-26.
Shah, R. K., and Kandlikar, S. G., 1988, “The Influence of the Number of Thermal Plates on Plate Heat Exchangers Performance,” in Current Researches in Heat and Mass Transfer, A Compendium and A Festschrift for Professor Arcot Ramachandran, Hemisphere, Washington, DC, pp. 267–288.
Pignotti,  A., and Tamborenea,  P. I., 1988, “Thermal Effectiveness of Multipass Plate Heat Exchangers,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 31(10), pp. 1983–1991.
Datta,  A. B., and Majumdar,  A. K., 1980, “Flow Distribution in Parallel and Reverse Flow Manifolds,” Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow, 2(4), pp. 253–262.
Bajura,  R. A., and Jones,  E. H., 1976, “Flow Distribution Manifolds,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 98, pp. 654–666.
Bassiouny, M. K., 1985, “Experimentelle und theoretische Untersuchungen ueber Mengentromverteilung, Druckverlust und Waermeuebergang in Platten Waermeaustauschern,” Forsch-Ber, VDI, Reihe 6, Ni 181, VDI-Verlag, Dusseldorf.
Bassiouny,  M. K., and Martin,  H., 1984, “Flow Distribution and Pressure Drop in Plate Heat Exchangers-I, U-Type Arrangement,” Chem. Eng. Sci., 39, pp. 693–700.
Bassiouny,  M. K., and Martin,  H., 1984, “Flow Distribution and Pressure Drop in Plate Heat Exchangers-II, Z-Type Arrangement,” Chem. Eng. Sci., 39(4), pp. 701–704.
Thonon, B., Mercier, P., and Feidt, M., 1992, “Flow Distribution in Plate Heat Exchangers and Consequences on Thermal and Hydraulic Performances,” Design and Operation of Heat Exchangers, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 245–254.
Heggs, P. J., and Scheidat, H. J., 1992, “Thermal Performance of Plate Heat Exchangers With Flow Maldistribution,” Compact Heat Exchanger for Power and Process Industry, ASME, HTD, Vol. 201, pp. 87–93.
Prabhakara Rao,  B., Krishna Kumar,  P., and Das,  S. K., 2002, “Effect of Flow Distribution to the Channels on the Thermal Performance of a Plate Heat Exchanger,” Chem. Eng. Process., 41, pp. 49–58.
Prabhakara Rao,  B., and Das,  S. K., 2004, “Effect of Flow Distribution to the Channels on the Thermal Performance of a Multi-Pass Plate Heat Exchanger,” Heat Transfer Eng., 25(8), pp. 1–16.
Prabhakara Rao,  B., and Das,  S. K., 2004, “Experimental and Analytical Studies on the Influence of Flow Maldistribution on the Pressure Drop Across a Plate Heat Exchanger,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 126, pp. 680–691.
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Figures

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Schematic view of experimental test facility (layout)
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Schematic view of the mandrel
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Schematic views of U- and Z-type arrangements
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Flow configurations of multipass plate heat exchangers: (a) 1−N pass, (b) N−N pass, and (c) M−N pass flow configurations
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Control volume of fluid inside the channel
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Parity plot of Nusselt number correlation
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Comparison of theoretical and experimental data of m2 for both U- and Z-type plate heat exchangers
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Effect of flow maldistribution parameter m2 on the thermal performance of plate heat exchanger
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Effect of port diameter on the thermal performance of U-type plate heat exchanger
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Effect of port diameter on the thermal performance of Z-type plate heat exchanger
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Comparison of the effectiveness with NTU for U- and Z-type plate heat exchangers at port diameter, Dp=35 mm
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Effect of number of channels on thermal performance with NTU for U-type plate exchanger at port diameter, Dp=35 mm
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Effect of Reynolds number on the thermal performance of U-type plate heat exchangers with and without mandrel
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Comparison of the performance of various multipass arrangements of plate heat exchangers at port diameter, Dp=70 mm
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Effect of flow maldistribution on thermal performance of multipass PHE

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