Mili-Scale Visualization of Bubble Growth-Translation and Droplet Impact Dynamics OPEN ACCESS

[+] Author and Article Information
R. M. Manglik, M. A. Jog, A. Subramani, K. Gatne

Thermal-Fluids & Thermal Processing Laboratory,  University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221-0072

J. Heat Transfer 128(8), 736 (Aug 01, 2006) (1 page) doi:10.1115/1.2221299 History:


The dynamic behavior of an air bubble, emanating from a 0.32 mm i.d., 0.64 mm o.d., vertical capillary-tube orifice with a bubble interval of 0.22–0.28 s at constant pressure and adiabatic (T=25°C) conditions, as well as droplet impact and spreading on a hydrophobic surface are characterized. Images of the mili-scale spatial-temporal evolution of bubbles (embryonic appearance at orifice tip → growth and detachment → translation) as well as droplets were acquired using a high-speed (5000 frames/s) digital video camera fitted with a 8× optical zoom lens. It was triggered through a computer interface to record continuous high-speed video from which any desired frame can be captured by digital-video-processing software; the equivalent departure diameter was estimated by area-averaging using image processing software. The impact, spreading, and recoil behaviors of ethanol and water droplets on a horizontal stainless steel surface are depicted in Fig. 1. For constant Weber number (We10), the spreading and recoil dynamics in the two cases are significantly different. Higher wettability of ethanol promotes greater spreading and dampens recoil in comparison with that seen in water. Figure 2 depicts the growth of an air bubble in pools of ethanol and water. While displaying similar ebullience, a bubble of smaller size and surface age is produced in low-surface-tension ethanol. Dynamic shape variations of the air bubble as it translates upwards in the pool are seen in Fig. 3. From a nearly spherical, tear-drop bubble, the shape changes to an oblate ellipsoid during translation, and surface tension effects are manifest only in the size of respective bubbles.

Copyright © 2006 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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