De Vahl Davis,
G., and Jones,
I. P., 1983, “Natural Convection in a Square Cavity—A Comparison Exercise,” Int. J. Numer. Methods Fluids, 3, pp. 227–248.

Balaji,
C., and Venkateshan,
S. P., 1993, “Interaction of Surface Radiation with Free Convection in a Square Cavity,” Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow, 14, pp. 260–267.

Akiyama,
M., and Chong,
Q. P., 1997, “Numerical Analysis of Natural Convection with Surface Radiation in a Square Enclosure,” Numer. Heat Transfer, Part A, 31, pp. 419–433.

Ostrach,
S., 1988, “Natural Convection in Enclosures,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 110, pp. 1175–1190.

Hoogendoorn, C. J., 1986, “Natural Convection in Enclosures” *Proc. 8th Int. Heat Transfer Conf.*, Vol. 1, Hemisphere Publishing Corp. Washington, DC, pp. 111–120.

Elsherbiny,
S. M., Raithby,
G. D., and Hollands,
K. G. T., 1982, “Heat Transfer by Natural Convection Across Vertical and Inclined Air Layers,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 104, pp. 96–102.

Cheesewright, R., and Ziai, S., 1986, “Distributions of Temperature and Local Heat-Transfer Rate in Turbulent Natural Convection in a Large Rectangular Cavity,” *Proc. 8th Int. Heat Transfer Conf.*, Hemisphere Publishing Corp. DC, pp. 1465–1470.

Cheesewright, R., King, K. J., and Ziai, S., 1986, “Experimental Data for the Validation of Computer Codes for the Prediction of Two-Dimensional Buoyant Cavity Flows,” Proc. ASME Meeting HTD, Vol. 60, pp. 75–81.

Olson,
D. A., Glicksman,
L. R., and Ferm,
H. M., 1990, “Steady State Natural Convection in Empty and Partitioned Enclosures at High Rayleigh Numbers,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 112, pp. 640–647.

Shewen,
K., Hollands,
K. G. T., and Raithby,
G. D., 1996, “Heat Transfer by Natural Convection Across Vertical Air Cavity of Large Aspect Ratio,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 118, pp. 993–995.

Ozoe,
H., Mouri,
A., Ohmuro,
M., Churchill,
S. W., and Lior,
N., 1985, “Numerical Calculations of Laminar and Turbulent Natural Convection in Water in Rectangular Channels Heated and Cooled Isothermally on the Opposing Vertical Walls,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 28, pp. 125–139.

Giel, P. W., and Schmidt, F. W., 1990, “A Comparison of Turbulence Modeling Predictions to Experimental Measurements for High Rayleigh Number Natural Convection in Enclosures,” Proc. 9th Int. Heat Transfer Conf., Jerusalem, Israel, Hemisphere Publishing Corp., Vol. 2, pp. 175–180.

Markatos,
N. C., and Pericleous,
K. A., 1984, “Laminar and Turbulent Natural Convection in an Enclosed Cavity,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 27, pp. 755–772.

Fusegi,
T., and Farouk,
B., 1989, “Laminar and Turbulent Natural Convection-Radiation Interactions in a Square Enclosure Filled with a Non-gray Gas,” Numer. Heat Transfer, Part A, 15, pp. 303–322.

Henkes, R. A. W. M., 1990, “Natural Convection Boundary Layers,” Ph.D. thesis, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands.

Henkes,
R. A. W. M., and Hoogendoorn,
C. J., 1995, “Comparison Exercise for Computations of Turbulent Natural Convection in Enclosures, ” Numer. Heat Transfer, Part B, 28, pp. 59–78.

Gan,
G., 1998, “Prediction of Turbulent Buoyant Flow Using an RNG-k-ε Model,” Numer. Heat Transfer, Part A, 33, pp. 169–189.

Xu,
W., Chen,
Q., and Nieuwstadt,
F. T. M., 1998, “A New Turbulence Model for Near-Wall Natural Convection,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 41, pp. 3161–3176.

Patankar, S. V., 1980, *Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow*, Hemisphere, New York.

King, K. J., 1989, “Turbulent Natural Convection in Rectangular Air Cavities,” Ph.D. thesis, Queen Mary College, London, U.K.

Fu, B. I., and Ostrach, S., 1981, “The Effects of Stabilising Thermal Gradients on Natural Convection Flows in a Square Enclosure,” in *Natural Convection 20th ASME/AIChE Natl. Heat Transfer Conf.*, Wisconsin, HTD-Vol. 16, pp. 91–104.

Tsuji,
T., and Nagano,
Y., 1989, “Velocity and Temperature Measurements in a Natural Convection Along a Vertical Flat Plate,” Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci., 2, pp. 208–215.

Versteegh,
T. A. M., and Nieuwstadt,
F. T. M., 1999, “A Direct Numerical Simulation of Natural Convection Between Two Infinite Vertical Differentially Heated Walls: Scaling Laws and Wall Functions,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf. 42, pp. 3673–3693.

Venkateshan, S. P., and Balaji, C., 1995, “Interaction of Surface Radiation and Free Convection in Open and Closed Cavities,” *Proc. 2nd ISHMT-ASME Heat and Mass Transfer Conf.*, REC-Surathkal, India, pp. 91–101.