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Research Papers: Natural and Mixed Convection

Buoyancy Driven Heat Transfer of Nanofluids in a Tilted Enclosure

[+] Author and Article Information
Kamil Kahveci1

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Trakya University, 22180 Edirne, Turkeykamilk@trakya.edu.tr

1

Present address: Muhendislik Mimarlik Fakultesi, Trakya Universitesi, 22030 Edirne, Turkey.

J. Heat Transfer 132(6), 062501 (Mar 24, 2010) (12 pages) doi:10.1115/1.4000744 History: Received March 25, 2009; Revised October 09, 2009; Published March 24, 2010; Online March 24, 2010

Buoyancy driven heat transfer of water-based nanofluids in a differentially heated, tilted enclosure is investigated in this study. The governing equations (obtained with the Boussinesq approximation) are solved using the polynomial differential quadrature method for an inclination angle ranging from 0 deg to 90 deg, two different ratios of the nanolayer thickness to the original particle radius (0.02 and 0.1), a solid volume fraction ranging from 0% to 20%, and a Rayleigh number varying from 104 to 106. Five types of nanoparticles, Cu, Ag, CuO, Al2O3, and TiO2 are taken into consideration. The results show that the average heat transfer rate from highest to lowest is for Ag, Cu, CuO, Al2O3, and TiO2. The results also show that for the particle radius generally used in practice (β=0.1 or β=0.02), the average heat transfer rate increases to 44% for Ra=104, to 53% for Ra=105, and to 54% for Ra=106 if the special case of θ=90deg, which also produces the minimum heat transfer rates, is not taken into consideration. As for θ=90deg, the heat transfer enhancement reaches 21% for Ra=104, 44% for Ra=105, and 138% for Ra=106. The average heat transfer rate shows an increasing trend with an increasing inclination angle, and a peak value is detected. Beyond the peak point, the foregoing trend reverses and the average heat transfer rate decreases with a further increase in the inclination angle. Maximum heat transfer takes place at θ=45deg for Ra=104 and at θ=30deg for Ra=105 and 106.

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Copyright © 2010 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Figures

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Figure 1

Geometry and coordinate system

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Figure 2

Streamlines and isotherms of a copper-based nanofluid for β=0.02

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Figure 3

Streamlines and isotherms of a copper-based nanofluid for β=0.1

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Figure 4

Local Nusselt number for β=0.02 and (a) Ra=104, (b) Ra=105, and (c) Ra=106

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Figure 5

Local Nusselt number for β=0.1 and (a) Ra=104, (b) Ra=105, and (c) Ra=106

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