Research Papers: Radiative Heat Transfer

Wavelength-Selective Solar Thermal Absorber With Two-Dimensional Nickel Gratings

[+] Author and Article Information
Bong Jae Lee

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology,
Daejeon 305-701, South Korea
e-mail: bongjae.lee@kaist.ac.kr

Yu-Bin Chen

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
National Cheng Kung University,
Tainan City 701, Taiwan
e-mail: ybchen@mail.ncku.edu.tw

Sunwoo Han

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology,
Daejeon 305-701, South Korea

Feng-Cheng Chiu

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
National Cheng Kung University,
Tainan City 701, Taiwan

Hyun Jin Lee

Department of Solar Energy,
Korea Institute of Energy Research,
Deajeon 305-343, South Korea

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF HEAT TRANSFER. Manuscript received April 16, 2013; final manuscript received February 23, 2014; published online March 26, 2014. Assoc. Editor: He-Ping Tan.

J. Heat Transfer 136(7), 072702 (Mar 26, 2014) (7 pages) Paper No: HT-13-1206; doi: 10.1115/1.4026954 History: Received April 16, 2013; Revised February 23, 2014

The direct utilization of solar radiation has been considered a promising energy source because of its abundance, sustainability, and cleanness. The conversion of solar radiation into usable heat largely depends on the absorption characteristics of a solar thermal collector. In the present study, we conducted design analysis of a wavelength-selective absorber composed of a two-dimensional Nickel grating, a thin SiO2 film, and a Nickel substrate. Dimensions of the two-dimensional grating were determined with the Taguchi method, which optimized the spectral absorptance for both polarizations. The spectral absorptance demonstrated a broad-band plateau within the visible and the near-infrared spectral region, but it was significantly suppressed at longer wavelengths. Moreover, the absorptance plateau was nearly insensitive to the incident orientation of solar radiation. Physical mechanisms of the absorption enhancement were elucidated with the local magnetic field distribution.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Kruger, P., 2006, Alternative Energy Resources: The Quest for Sustainable Energy, John Wiley and Sons, Hoboken, NJ.
Fahrenbruch, A. L., and Bube, R. H., 1983, Fundamentals of Solar Cells: Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conversion, Academic, New York.
Duffie, J. A., and Beckman, W. A., 1980, Solar Thermal Engineering Processes, Wiley, New York.
Steinfeld, A., 2005, “Solar Thermochemical Production of Hydrogen—A Review,” Sol. Energy, 78(5), pp. 603–615. [CrossRef]
Romero-Alvarez, M., and Zarza, E., 2007, Handbook of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. Concentrating Solar Thermal Power, Taylor & Francis, New York, Chap. XXI.
Kim, Y., and Seo, T., 2007, “Thermal Performances Comparisons of the Glass Evacuated Tube Solar Collectors With Shapes of Absorber Tube,” Renewable Energy, 32(5), pp. 772–795. [CrossRef]
Liu, T., Lin, W., Gao, W., Luo, C., Li, M., Zheng, Q., and Xia, C., 2007, “A Parametric Study on the Thermal Performance of a Solar Air Collector With a v-Groove Absorber,” Int. J. Green Energy, 4(6), pp. 601–622. [CrossRef]
Saini, R. P., and Singal, S. K., 2008, “Investigation of Thermal Performance of Solar Air Heater Having Roughness Elements as a Combination of Inclined and Transverse Ribs on the Absorber Plate,” Renewable Energy, 33(6), pp. 1398–1405. [CrossRef]
Sun, C.-H., Jiang, P., and Jiang, B., 2008, “Broadband Moth-Eye Antireflection Coatings on Silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 92(6), p. 061112. [CrossRef]
Diem, M., Koschny, T., and Soukoulis, C. M., 2009, “Wide-Angle Perfect Absorber/Thermal Emitter in the Terahertz Regime,” Phys. Rev. B, 79(3), p. 033101. [CrossRef]
Hao, J., Wang, J., Liu, X., Padilla, W. J., Zhou, L., and Qiu, M., 2010, “High Performance Optical Absorber Based on a Plasmonic Metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 96(25), p. 251104. [CrossRef]
Kumar, R., and Rosen, M. A., 2010, “Thermal Performance of Integrated Collector Storage Solar Water Heater With Corrugated Absorber Surface,” Appl. Therm. Eng., 30(13), pp. 1764–1768. [CrossRef]
Ding, B., Lee, B. J., Yang, M., Jung, H. S., and Lee, J.-K., 2011, “Surface-Plasmon Assisted Energy Conversion in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Adv. Energy Mater., 1(3), pp. 415–421. [CrossRef]
Wang, H.-W., and Chen, L.-W., 2011, “A Cylindrical Optical Black Hole Using Graded Index Photonic Crystals,” J. Appl. Phys., 109, p. 103104. [CrossRef]
Qiu, J., Liu, L., and Hsu, P.-F., 2011, “Radiative Properties of Optical Board Embedded With Optical Black Holes,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 112(5), pp. 832–838. [CrossRef]
Selvakumar, N., Manikandanath, N. T., Biswas, A., and Barshilia, H. C., 2012, “Design and Fabrication of Highly Thermally Stable HfMon/Hfon/Al2o3 Tandem Absorber for Solar Thermal Power Generation Applications,” Sol. Energy Mater. Solar Cells, 102, pp. 86–92. [CrossRef]
Yin, Y., Hang, L., Zhang, S., and Bui, X. L., 2007, “Thermal Oxidation Properties of Titanium Nitride and Titanium–Aluminum Nitride Materials—A Perspective for High Temperature Air-Stable Solar Selective Absorber Applications,” Thin Solid Films, 515(5), pp. 2829–2832. [CrossRef]
Olivares, A., Rekstad, J., Meir, M., Kahlen, S., and Wallner, G., 2010, “Degradation Model for an Extruded Polymeric Solar Thermal Absorber,” Sol. Energy Mater. Solar Cells, 94(6), pp. 1031–1037. [CrossRef]
Taguchi, G., 1986, Introduction to Quality Engineering: Designing Quality Into Products and Processes, Quality Resources, Tokyo, Japan.
Moharam, M. G., Grann, E. B., Pommet, D. A., and Gaylord, T. K., 1995, “Formulation for Stable and Efficient Implementation of the Rigorous Coupled-Wave Analysis of Binary Gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, 12(5), pp. 1068–1076. [CrossRef]
Sai, H., Kanamori, Y., and Yugami, H., 2005, “Tuning of the Thermal Radiation Spectrum in the Near-Infrared Region by Metallic Surface Microstructures,” J. Micromech. Microeng., 15(9), pp. S243–S249. [CrossRef]
Pralle, M. U., Moelders, N., McNeal, M. P., Puscasu, I., Greenwald, A. C., Daly, J. T., Johnson, E. A., George, T., Choi, D. S., El-Kady, I., and Biswas, R., 2002, “Photonic Crystal Enhanced Narrow-Band Infrared Emitters,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 81(25), pp. 4685–4687. [CrossRef]
Zhang, Z.-J., Park, K., and Lee, B. J., 2011, “Surface and Magnetic Polaritons on Two-Dimensional Nanoslab-Aligned Multilayer Structure,” Opt. Express, 19(17), pp. 16375–16389. [CrossRef]
Jiang, J., 2000, “Rigorous Analysis and Design of Diffractive Optical Elements,” Ph.D. thesis, The University of Alabama, Huntsville, AL.
Chen, Y. B., and Tan, K. H., 2010, “The Profile Optimization of Periodic Nano-Structures for Wavelength-Selective Thermophotovoltaic Emitters,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 53(23), pp. 5542–5551. [CrossRef]
Palik, E. D., and Ghosh, G., 1998, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids: Five-Volume Set, Academic, San Diego, CA.
ASTM, “Standard Tables for Reference Solar Spectral Irradiances: Direct Normal and Hemispherical on 37 Degree Tilted Surface,” See also URL http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/spectra/am1.5
Rayleigh, L., 1907, “Note on the Remarkable Case of Diffraction Spectra Described by Professor Wood,” London, Edinburgh, Dublin Philos. Mag. J. Sci., 14(79), pp. 60–65. [CrossRef]
Zhang, Z. M., 2007, Nano/Microscale Heat Transfer, McGraw-Hill, New York.
Lee, B. J., Chen, Y. B., and Zhang, Z. M., 2008, “Transmission Enhancement Through Nanoscale Metallic Slit Arrays From the Visible to Mid-Infrared,” J. Comput. Theor. Nanosci., 5(2), pp. 201–213. [CrossRef]
Chen, Y.-B., and Chiu, F.-C., 2013, “Trapping Mid-Infrared Rays in a Lossy Film With the Berreman Mode, Epsilon Near Zero Mode, and Magnetic Polaritons,” Opt. Express, 21(18), pp. 20771–20785. [CrossRef]
Madou, M. J., 2002, Fundamentals of Microfabrication: The Science of Miniaturization, CRC, Boca Raton, FL.


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of one period of a 2-D Ni grating with a SiO2 film on a Ni substrate; and (b) Convergence test of RCWA

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

(a) Direct solar irradiance at air mass 1.5 [27] (in the primary y-axis) and the polarization-averaged absorptance of the absorber 4441 and a plane Ni surface at θ = 20 deg and ϕ = 0 deg (in the secondary y-axis). Dimensions of the absorber 4441 are Λ = 600 nm, f = 0.85, dg = 400 nm, and df = 100 nm; and (b) comparison of absorptance of the absorber 4441 (dashed line) with that of the absorber 4441 without SiO2 film (solid line) for TE (upper panel) and TM wave (lower panel).

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Directional absorptance of the absorber 4441 with respect to θ at 500 nm and 1000 nm. In both cases, ϕ = 0 deg.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Absorptance spectra of the absorber 4441 for unpolarized incidence with θ = 20 deg at ϕ = 0 deg (dashed line) and ϕ = 45 deg (solid line)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Square of the parallel component of magnetic field normalized to that of incident field at the interface between SiO2 and the substrate (refer to inset): (a) TM wave at 440 nm (αλ = 0.912); (b) TM wave at 970 nm (αλ = 0.999); (c) TE wave at 470 nm (αλ = 0.921); and (d) TE wave at 990 nm (αλ = 0.999). Gray line represents the location underneath the hollow region of concave grating.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Comparison of the absorptance spectra of three different concave-grating structures at: (a) TM-wave incidence; and (b) TE-wave incidence

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Separate contribution of the grating region and substrate region to the absorptance of the optimized grating: (a) TM-wave incidence; and (b) TE-wave incidence at θ = 20 deg and ϕ = 0 deg. For comparison purpose, the absorptance of plane Ni surface is also plotted for both polarizations at θ = 20 deg.




Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In