0
Research Papers: Thermal Systems

Constructal Design of an Entropic Wall With Circulating Water Inside

[+] Author and Article Information
Michele Trancossi

Mem. ASME
Faculty of Arts, Computing,
Engineering and Sciences,
Department of Engineering and Mathematics,
Sheffield Hallam University,
City Campus, Howard Street,
Sheffield S1 1WB, UK
e-mail: m.trancossi@shu.ac.uk

Jill Stewart

Faculty of Arts, Computing,
Engineering and Sciences,
Department of Engineering and Mathematics,
Sheffield Hallam University,
City Campus, Howard Street,
Sheffield S1 1WB, UK
e-mail: j.stewart@shu.ac.uk

Antonio Dumas

Mem. ASME
Dipartimento di Scienza e
Metodi dell'Ingegneria,
Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia,
Via Amendola, 2,
Reggio Emilia 42100, Italy
e-mail: antonio.dumas@unimore.it

Mauro Madonia

Dipartimento di Scienza e Metodi dell'Ingegneria,
Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia,
Via Amendola, 2,
Reggio Emilia 42100, Italy
e-mail: mauro.madonia@unimore.it

Jose Pascoa Marques

Mem. ASME
Departamento de Engenharia Eletromecânica,
Universidade da Beira Interior,
Covilhã 6200, Portugal
e-mail: pascoa@ubi.pt

Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF HEAT TRANSFER. Manuscript received April 13, 2014; final manuscript received April 6, 2016; published online April 26, 2016. Editor: Portonovo S. Ayyaswamy.

J. Heat Transfer 138(8), 082801 (Apr 26, 2016) (9 pages) Paper No: HT-14-1187; doi: 10.1115/1.4033346 History: Received April 13, 2014; Revised April 06, 2016

An entropic wall with circulating water inside could be a solution for acclimatizing a new building with high-energy efficiency and high levels of internal comfort. If circulating water is thermally stabilized by exchanging in the ground such has it happens in geothermal plants, a thermal shield could be realized keeping walls in comfort conditions and minimizing energy needs for further temperature regulations. This paper presents optimization guidelines of such a wall with the objective of maximizing the performances of the wall for reaching optimal internal wellness conditions. Optimization has been realized by a constructal law based method, which has been personalized by a step-by-step process and has been named constructal design for efficiency (CDE). The optimization of the system has been produced at different levels. It starts from a preliminary analysis at system levels, which allow defining the best objectives that could be reached. After this preliminary process, the system has been divided into modules, and the critical ones which have higher influence on the performances of the system have been evaluated. This analysis has been coupled also with an industrial analysis with the goal of defining an effective layout, which could be also manufactured with acceptable costs. The result has produced a final solution with a very good compromise between energetic performances and minimization of costs at industrial level. The results open interesting perspectives for the constructal law to become the core of an effective methodology of an industrial design which can couple perfectly with the modular approach which is currently the major part of industrial companies.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Madonia, M. , Dumas, A. , and Trancossi, M. , 2011, Studio del Comportamento di due Pannelli a Diversa Tipologia di Taglio Termico, Convegno Annuale ATI, Rende, Italy.
Dumas, A. , Trancossi, M. , Madonia, M. , Bonnici, M. , Scaccaglia, P. B. , and Guareschi, M. C. , 2012, “ A Novel Concept of Container House With Zero Energetic Consumption,” SAE Technical Paper No. 2012-01-1507.
Dumas, A. , Trancossi, M. , Madonia, M. , Pirondi, A. , Garziera, R. , Frizziero, L. , and Piancastelli, L. , 2012, “ Z.E.T.Ha.: Zero Energy Temporary Habitation,” ASME Paper No. IMECE2012-87666.
Dumas, A. , Trancossi, M. , Madonia, M. , and Coppola, M. , 2014, “ Zero Emission Temporary Habitation: A Passive Container House Acclimatized by Geothermal Water,” ASME J. Sol. Energy Eng., 136(4), p. 044505. [CrossRef]
Bejan, A. , 2000, “ Shape and Structure,” Engineering to Nature, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Bejan, A. , 1997, Advanced Engineering Thermodynamics, 2nd ed., Wiley, New York.
Bejan, A. , and Errera, M. R. , 2000, “ Convective Trees of Fluid Channels for Volumetric Cooling,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 43(17), pp. 3105–3118. [CrossRef]
Bejan, A. , 2002, “ Dendritic Constructal Heat Exchanger With Small Scale Cross Flows and Larger-Scales Counter Flows,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 45(23), pp. 4607–4620. [CrossRef]
Bejan, A. , and Lorente, S. , 2010, “ The Constructal Law and the Design of the Biosphere: Nature and Globalization,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 133(1), p. 011001. [CrossRef]
Trancossi, M. , Dumas, A. , and Madonia, M. , 2013, “ Optimization of Airships With Constructal Design for Efficiency Method,” SAE Technical Paper No. 2013-01-2168.
Dumas, A. , Madonia, M. , Trancossi, M. , and Vucinic, D. , 2013, “ Propulsion of Photovoltaic Cruiser-Feeder Airships Dimensioning by Constructal Design for Efficiency Method,” SAE Int. J. Aerosp., 6(1), pp. 273–285. [CrossRef]
Dumas, A. , Trancossi, M. , and Madonia, M. , 2013, “ Morphoplane, Energetic Analysis of a Novel Green Aerial Vehicle Concept,” ASME Paper No. ESFuelCell2013-18166.
Dumas, A. , Trancossi, M. , and Madonia, M. , 2012, “ Energetic Design and Optimization of a Large Photovoltaic Stratospheric Unconventional Feeder Airship,” SAE Int. J. Aerosp., 5(2), pp. 354–370. [CrossRef]
Cooper, R. G. , 1979, “ Identifying Industrial New Product Successes: Project New Prod,” Ind. Mark. Manage., 8(2), pp. 124–135. [CrossRef]
Link, P. L. , 1987, “ Keys to New Product Success and Failure,” Ind. Mark. Manage., 16(2), pp. 109–118. [CrossRef]
Rochford, L. , 1991, “ Generating and Screening New Product Ideas,” Ind. Mark. Manage., 20(4), pp. 287–296. [CrossRef]
Woodruff, R. B. , 1997, “ Customer Value: The Next Source for Competitive Advantage,” J. Acad. Mark. Sci., 25(2), pp. 139–153. [CrossRef]
Hart, S. , Hutlink, E. J. , Tzokas, N. , and Commandeur, H. R. , 2003, “ Industrial Companies' Evaluation Criteria in New Product Development Gates,” J. Prod. Innovation Manage., 20(1), pp. 22–36. [CrossRef]
Bejan, A. , and Sciubba, E. , 1992, “ The Optimal Spacing of Parallel Plates Cooled by Forced Convection,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 35(12), pp. 3259–3264. [CrossRef]
Bejan, A. , 2013, “ Technology Evolution, From the Constructal Law,” Advances in Heat Transfer, Vol. 45, E. M. Sparrow, J. P. Abraham, and J. M. Gorman, eds., Academic Press, Burlington, VT, pp. 183–207.
Kobayashi, H. , Lorente, S. , Anderson, R. , and Bejan, A. , 2012, “ Freely Morphing Tree Structures in a Conducting Body,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 55(17–18), pp. 4744–4753. [CrossRef]
Bejan, A. , and Errera, M. R. , 2000, “ Convective Trees of Fluid Channels for Volumetric Cooling,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 43(17), pp. 3105–3118. [CrossRef]
Bejan, A. , 2005, “ The Constructal Law of Organization in Nature: Tree-Shaped Flows and Body Size,” J. Exp. Biol., 208(9), pp. 1677–1686. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Reis, H. , 2006, “ Constructal View of Scaling Laws of River Basins,” Geomorphology, 78, pp. 201–206. [CrossRef]
Miguel, A. F. , and Bejan, A. , 2009, “ The Principle That Generates Dissimilar Patterns Inside Aggregates of Organisms,” J. Phys. A, 388, pp. 727–731.
Herrera, M. R. , and Marin, C. A. , 2009, “ A Comparison Between Random and Deterministic Dynamics of River Drainage Basins Formation,” Therm. Eng., 8(1), pp. 65–71.
Miguel, A. , 2010, “ Natural Flow Systems: Acquiring Their Constructal Morphology,” Int. J. Des. Nat. Ecodyn., 5(3), pp. 230–241. [CrossRef]
Lorente, S. , and Bejan, A. , 2010, “ Few Large and Many Small: Hierarchy in Movement on Earth,” Int. J. Des. Nat. Ecodyn., 5(3), pp. 1–14. [CrossRef]
Bejan, A. , 2010, “ The Constructal Law Origin of the Wheel, Size, and Skeleton in Animal Design,” Am. J. Phys., 78(7), pp. 692–699. [CrossRef]
Reis, H. , 2011, “ Design in Nature, and the Laws of Physics,” Phys. Life Rev., 8(3), pp. 255–256. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Bejan, A. , and Almogbel, M. , 2000, “ T-Shaped Fins,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 43(12), pp. 2101–2115. [CrossRef]
Zamfirescu, C. , and Bejan, A. , 2003, “ Constructal Tree-Shaped Two-Phase Flow for Cooling a Surface,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 46(15), pp. 2785–2797. [CrossRef]
Ding, X. , and Yamazaki, K. , 2005, “ Constructal Design of Cooling Channel in Heat Transfer System by Utilizing Optimality of Branch Systems in Nature,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 129(3), pp. 245–255. [CrossRef]
Zimparov, V . D. , da Silva, A. K. , and Bejan, A. , 2006, “ Thermodynamic Optimization of Tree-Shaped Flow Geometries With Constant Channel Wall Temperature,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 49(25–26), pp. 4839–4849. [CrossRef]
Rocha, L. , Lorenzini, E. , and Biserni, C. , 2005, “ Geometric Optimization of Shapes on the Basis of Bejan's Constructal Theory,” Int. Commun. Heat Mass Transfer, 32(10), pp. 1281–1288. [CrossRef]
Moreno, R. M. , and Tao, Y. X. , 2006, “ Thermal and Flow Performance of a Microconvective Heat Sink With Three-Dimensional Constructal Channel Configuration,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 128(8), pp. 740–751. [CrossRef]
Zhang, X. , and Liu, D. , 2010, “ Optimum Geometric Arrangement of Vertical Rectangular Fin Arrays in Natural Convection,” Energy Conv. Manage., 51(12), pp. 2449–2456. [CrossRef]
Lorenzini, G. , and Moretti, S. , 2009, “ A Bejan's Constructal Theory Approach to the Overall Optimization of Heat Exchanging Finned Modules With Air in Forced Convection and Laminar Flow Condition,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 131(8), p. 081801. [CrossRef]
Lorenzini, G. , and Moretti, S. , 2011, “ Bejan's Constructal Theory Analysis of Gas–Liquid Cooled Finned Modules,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 133(7), p. 071801. [CrossRef]
Hajmohammadi, M. R. , Campo, A. , Nourazar, S. S. , and Ostad, A. M. , 2013, “ Improvement of Forced Convection Cooling Due to the Attachment of Heat Sources to a Conducting Thick Plate,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 135(12), p. 124504. [CrossRef]
Hajmohammadi, M. R. , Moulod, M. , Joneydi Shariatzadeh, O. , and Campo, A. , 2014, “ Effects of a Thick Plate on the Excess Temperature of Iso-Heat Flux Heat Sources Cooled by Laminar Forced Convection Flow: Conjugate Analysis,” Numer. Heat Transfer, Part A, 66(2), pp. 205–216. [CrossRef]
Rocha, L. , Montanari, G. C. , Dos Santos, E. D. , and Rocha, A. D. , 2007, “ Constructal Design Applied to the Study of Cavities,” Therm. Eng., 6, pp. 41–47.
Hajmohammadi, M. R. , Poozesha, S. , Campo, A. , and Nourazar, S. S. , 2013, “ Valuable Reconsideration in the Constructal Design of Cavities,” Energy Conv. Manage., 66, pp. 33–40. [CrossRef]
Lorenzini, G. , Biserni, E. , Estrada, E. D. , Isoldi, L. A. , dos Santos, E. D. , and Rocha, L. A. O. , 2014, “ Constructal Design of Convective Y-Shaped Cavities by Means of Genetic Algorithm,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 136(7), p. 071702. [CrossRef]
Lorenzini, G. , da Silva Diaz Estrada, E. , dos Santos, E. D. , Isoldi, L. A. , and Rocha, L. A. O. , 2015, “ Constructal Design of Convective Cavities Inserted Into a Cylindrical Solid Body for Cooling,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 83, pp. 75–83. [CrossRef]
UNI, 2008, “ Materiali e Prodotti per Edilizia – Procedimenti per la Determinazione dei Valori Termici Dichiarati e di Progetto,” Italian Organization for Standardization, Rome, Italy, Standard No. UNI EN ISO 10456.
Norton, P. , and Christensen, C. , 2006, “ A Cold-Climate Case Study for Affordable Zero Energy Homes,” Solar 2006 Conference, Denver, CO, July 9–13, pp. 591–595.
Feist, W. , 2011, “ Certified Passive House—Certification Criteria for Residential Passive House Buildings,” Passive House Institute, Darmstadt, Germany.
VVAA, 2008, “ Engineering and Operating Guide for DOWTHERM SR-1 and DOWTHERM 4000 Inhibited Ethylene Glycol-Based Heat Transfer Fluids,” The Dow Chemical Company, Midland, MI.
Fanger, P. O. , 1970, Thermal Comfort, Danish Technical Press, Copenhagen, Denmark.
VVAA, 1999, ASHRAE Handbook CD 1999–2002, American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Atlanta, GA.
VVAA, 1994, “ Moderate Thermal Environment: Determination of PMV and PPD Indies and Specification of the Conditions for Thermal Environment,” International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, Switzerland, Standard No. 7730.
Indraganti, M. , and Daryani Rao, K. , 2010, “ Effect of Age, Gender, Economic Group and Tenure on Thermal Comfort: A Field Study in Residential Buildings in Hot and Dry Climate With Seasonal Variations,” Energy Build., 42(3), pp. 273–281. [CrossRef]
UNI, 2008, “ Prestazioni Energetiche Degli Edifici—Parte 1: Determinazione del Fabbisogno di Energia Termica Dell’edificio per la Climatizzazione Estiva ed Invernale,” Italian Organization for Standardization, Rome, Italy, Standard No. UNI/TS11300-1.
Baltay, P. , and Gjelsvik, A. , 1990, “ Coefficient of Friction for Steel on Concrete at High Normal Stress,” J. Mater. Civil Eng., 2(1), pp. 46–49. [CrossRef]
Churchill, S. W. , 1977, “ Friction Factor Equation Spans All Fluid-Flow Regimes,” Chem. Eng., 91.
Lloyd, J. R. , and Moran, W. R. , 1974, “ Natural Convection Adjacent to Horizontal Surfaces of Various Platforms,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 96(4), pp. 443–447.
Churchill, S. W. , and Chu, H. H. , 1975, “ Correlating Equations for Laminar and Turbulent Free Convection From a Vertical Plate,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 18(11), pp. 1323–1329. [CrossRef]

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

LESP-based building and plant schema

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

LESP wall schematic concept

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Seasonal behavior of the proposed wall

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Schema of the necessary multiobjective and multidisciplinary optimization process, which is performed at industrial level

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Schema of the wall with identification of the elemental volume

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Heat fluxes from interior temperature to thermal barrier and from interior barrier to exterior temperature (winter case)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Heat fluxes from exterior temperature to thermal barrier and from interior temperature to barrier (summer case)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Difference of heat dissipation (%) between traditional wall and LESP wall (winter)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Heat dispersed from the barrier to the external environment for different wall thicknesses

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Mass flow of water/glycol solution necessary to reach the predefined goals

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

Rack of pipes transversal section

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 13

Honeycomb extruded panel insertion transversal section

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 14

Foaming setup schematic representation: (a) rack of pipes and (b) honeycomb panel

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 16

Required velocity of the ethylene glycol water solution

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In