0
Photogallery

Suppressed Dry-out in Two-Phase Microchannels via Surface Structures

[+] Author and Article Information
Yangying Zhu

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
yyzhu@mit.edu

Dion S. Antao

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
dantao@mit.edu

Tiejun Zhang

Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Masdar Institute of Science and Technology , P.O. Box 54224, Abu Dhabi, UAE
tjzhang@masdar.ac.ae

Evelyn N. Wang

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
enwang@MIT.EDU

1Corresponding author.

J. Heat Transfer 138(8), 080905 (Jul 08, 2016) (1 page) Paper No: HT-16-1204; doi: 10.1115/1.4033818 History: Received April 14, 2016; Revised April 18, 2016

Abstract

We demonstrated suppressed dry-out on structured surfaces during flow boiling in microchannels. We designed and fabricated microchannels with well-defined silicon micropillar arrays (heights of ~25 µm, diameters of 10 µm and pitches of 40 µm) coated with silicon dioxide on the bottom heated channel wall. We visualized the flow fields inside a smooth and structured surface microchannel during the annular flow boiling regime with a high speed camera at a frame rate of 2000 fps. Time-lapse images revealed two distinct dry-out dynamics for the two types of surfaces. For the smooth surface, the thin liquid film broke-up into smaller liquid drops/islands and the surface stayed in a dry state after the drops evaporated. The microstructured surface, on the other hand, preserved the thin liquid film initially due to capillary wicking. Dry patches eventually formed at the center of the microchannel which indicated wicking in the transverse direction (from the sidewalls inward) in addition to wicking in the flow direction. Overall, the structured surface showed less instances of dry-out both spatially and temporally. These visualizations aid in the understanding of the stability of the thin liquid film in the annular flow boiling regime and provide insight into heat transfer enhancement mechanisms by leveraging surface structure design in microchannels.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Figures

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In