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Research Papers: Radiative Heat Transfer

High Reflectance of Artificial Opals and Engineering Applications

[+] Author and Article Information
Yuanbin Liu

School of Energy Science and Engineering,
Harbin Institute of Technology,
Harbin 150001, China
e-mail: lyb122502@126.com

Jun Qiu

School of Energy Science and Engineering,
Harbin Institute of Technology,
Harbin 150001, China
e-mail: qiujun@hit.edu.cn

Linhua Liu

School of Energy Science and Engineering,
Harbin Institute of Technology,
Harbin 150001, China
e-mail: lhliu@hit.edu.cn

1Corresponding author.

Presented at the 2016 ASME 5th Micro/Nanoscale Heat & Mass Transfer International Conference. Paper No. MNHMT2016-6510.Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF HEAT TRANSFER. Manuscript received May 31, 2016; final manuscript received October 25, 2016; published online February 7, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Zhuomin Zhang.

J. Heat Transfer 139(5), 052702 (Feb 07, 2017) (9 pages) Paper No: HT-16-1332; doi: 10.1115/1.4035249 History: Received May 31, 2016; Revised October 25, 2016

The artificial opals are three-dimensional photonic crystals (PCs) whose microspheres are arranged periodically in a face-centered-cubic (FCC) lattice. In this work, we investigated the reflective properties of artificial opals composed of submicron silica spheres. The finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method for electromagnetics was used to calculate the directional–hemispherical reflectance spectra of artificial opals. Factors including structural parameters, filling dielectrics, and incident light were considered to study their effect on the reflectance. It is found that the shape, value, and position of peak of the reflectance spectra can be affected by these factors. Furthermore, by analyzing the distribution and propagation of the Poynting vectors at normal incidence of P-polarization, the high reflectance of artificial opals can be attributed to the fact that reflected light from parallel crystal face generates constructive interference to strengthen the total reflected beam. As to the engineering applications, we performed a detailed analysis of the detection sensitivity of artificial opals acting as a chemical sensor. It is found that the diameter of the spheres of artificial opals has a prominent influence on the detection sensitivity which is improved with the increase in the diameter of the spheres. This work will facilitate the design, manufacture, and application of artificial opals.

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References

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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Analytical model of artificial opals including stack form of silica microspheres and plane of incidence and polarization

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Directional–hemispherical reflectance of artificial opals with different layers: (a) N = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and (b) N = 12, 20, 50

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Fig. 3

Directional–hemispherical reflectance of artificial opals with different diameters: (a) N = 5 and (b) N = 20

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Fig. 4

Peak wavelengths of reflectance spectra as a function of diameters of microspheres. Hollow triangles show the calculation values from FDTD, and dashed dotted straight line is the fitting curve based on the calculations.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Directional–hemispherical reflectance of five-layer artificial opals at oblique incidence of P-polarization: (a) θ = 0 deg, 30 deg, 60 deg and (b) the drawing of partial enlargement at θ = 60 deg

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Fig. 6

Directional–hemispherical reflectance of five-layer artificial opals at oblique incidence of S-polarization: θ = 0 deg, 30 deg, and 60 deg

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Fig. 7

Directional–hemispherical reflectance of five-layer artificial opals at 30 deg incidence of different polarized light

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Fig. 8

Directional–hemispherical reflectance of artificial opals with different filling dielectrics at normal incidence of P-polarization (N = 20, d = 280 nm)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Peak wavelengths of reflectance spectra as a function of refractive indexes of filling dielectrics (d = 200 nm, N = 20). Hollow triangles shows the calculation values from FDTD, and dashed dotted straight line is the fitting curve based on the calculations.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Poynting vectors of 20-layers artificial opals at wavelength 611 nm of P-polarization normal incidence

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Fig. 11

Poynting vectors of 20-layers artificial opals at wavelength 800 nm of the P-polarization normal incidence

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