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research-article

Thermodynamic extreme principles for nonequilibrium stationary state in heat conduction

[+] Author and Article Information
Yangyu Guo

Key Laboratory for Thermal Science and Power Engineering of Ministry of Education, Department of Engineering Mechanics and CNMM, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China
yangyguo@126.com

Ziyan Wang

Key Laboratory for Thermal Science and Power Engineering of Ministry of Education, Department of Engineering Mechanics and CNMM, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China

Moran Wang

Key Laboratory for Thermal Science and Power Engineering of Ministry of Education, Department of Engineering Mechanics and CNMM, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China
mrwang@tsinghua.edu.cn

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4036086 History: Received May 26, 2016; Revised February 21, 2017

Abstract

Minimum entropy production principle (MEPP) is an important variational principle for the evolution of systems to nonequilibrium stationary state. However, its restricted validity in the domain of Onsager’s linear theory requires an inverse temperature square dependent thermal conductivity for heat conduction problems. Previous derivative principle of MEPP still limits to constant thermal conductivity case. Therefore, the present work aims to generalize the MEPP to remove these nonphysical limitations. A new dissipation potential is proposed, the minimum of which thus corresponds to the stationary state with no restriction on thermal conductivity. We give both rigorous theoretical verification of the new extremum principle, and systematic numerical demonstration through 1D transient heat conduction with different kinds of temperature dependence of the thermal conductivity. The results show that the new principle remains always valid while MEPP and its derivative principle fail beyond their scopes of validity. The present work promotes a clear understanding of the existing thermodynamic extremum principles and proposes a new one for stationary state in nonlinear heat transport.

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