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research-article

Selecting optimal parallel microchannel configuration(s) for active hot spot mitigation of multicore microprocessors in real time

[+] Author and Article Information
Lakshmi Sirisha Maganti

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai-600036, India
lakshmisirisha.maganti@gmail.com

Purbarun Dhar

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar-140001, India
purbarun@iitrpr.ac.in

Thirumalachari Sundararajan

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai-600036, India
tsundar@iitm.ac.in

Sarit Kumar Das

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai-600036, IndiaDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar-140001, India
skdas@iitrpr.ac.in

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4036643 History: Received July 06, 2016; Revised April 27, 2017

Abstract

Design of effective micro cooling systems to address the challenges of ever increasing heat flux from microdevices requires deep examination of real time problems and has been tackled in depth. The most common (and apparently misleading) assumption while designing micro cooling systems is that the heat flux generated by the device is uniform, but the reality is far from this. Detailed simulations have been performed by considering non uniform heat load employing the configurations U, I, Z for parallel microchannel systems with water and nanofluids as the coolants. An Intel® Core™ i7-4770 3.40GHz quad core processor has been mimicked using heat load data retrieved from a real microprocessor with non-uniform core activity. The study clearly demonstrates that there is a non-uniform thermal load induced temperature maldistribution along with the already existent flow maldistribution induced temperature maldistribution. The suitable configuration(s) for maximum possible overall heat removal for a hot zone while maximizing the uniformity of cooling have been tabulated. An Eulerian-Lagrangian model of the nanofluids show that such 'smart' coolants not only reduce the hot spot core temperature, but also the hot spot core region and thermal slip mechanisms of Brownian diffusion and thermophoresis are at the crux of this. The present work conclusively shows that high flow maldistribution leads to high thermal maldistribution, as the common prevalent notion, is no longer valid and existing maldistribution can be effectively utilized to tackle specific hot spot location, making the present study important to the field.

Copyright (c) 2017 by ASME
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