0
Research Papers: Evaporation, Boiling, and Condensation

Effect of Thermophysical Properties of the Heater Substrate on Critical Heat Flux in Pool Boiling

[+] Author and Article Information
Pruthvik A. Raghupathi

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Rochester Institute of Technology,
76 Lomb Memorial Drive,
Rochester, NY 14623
e-mail: par3002@rit.edu

Satish G. Kandlikar

Fellow ASME
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Rochester Institute of Technology,
76 Lomb Memorial Drive,
Rochester, NY 14623
e-mail: sgkeme@rit.edu

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF HEAT TRANSFER. Manuscript received September 6, 2016; final manuscript received December 5, 2016; published online June 21, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Joel L. Plawsky.

J. Heat Transfer 139(11), 111502 (Jun 21, 2017) (7 pages) Paper No: HT-16-1558; doi: 10.1115/1.4036653 History: Received September 06, 2016; Revised December 05, 2016

While the role of the liquid properties, surface morphology, and operating conditions on critical heat flux (CHF) in pool boiling is well investigated, the effect of the properties of the heater material is not well understood. Previous studies indicate that the heater thickness plays an important role on the CHF phenomenon. However, beyond a certain thickness, called the asymptotic thickness, the local temperature fluctuations on the heater surface caused by the periodic bubble ebullition cycle are evened out, and the CHF is not influenced by further increasing the thickness. In the present work, data from literature and pool boiling experiments conducted in this study with seven substrates—aluminum, brass, copper, carbon steel, Monel 400, silver, and silicon—are used to determine the effect of the thermophysical property of the material on CHF for thick heaters that are used in industrial pool boiling applications. The results indicate that the product of density (ρ) and specific heat (cp) represents an important substrate property group that affects the CHF, and that the thermal conductivity is not an important parameter. A well-established force-balance-based CHF model (Kandlikar model) is modified to account for the thermal properties of the substrate. The predicted CHF values are within 15% of the experimental results.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2017 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Kutateladze, S. S. , 1948, “ On the Transition to Film Boiling Under Natural Convection,” Kotloturbostroenie, 3, pp. 10–12.
Zuber, N. , 1961, “ The Dynamics of Vapor Bubbles in Nonuniform Temperature Fields,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 2(1–2), pp. 83–98. [CrossRef]
Lienhard, J. H. , and Dhir, V . K. , 1973, “ Hydrodynamic Prediction of Peak Pool-Boiling Heat Fluxes From Finite Bodies,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 95(2), pp. 152–158. [CrossRef]
Katto, Y. , and Yokoya, S. , 1968, “ Principal Mechanism of Boiling Crisis in Pool Boiling,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 11(6), pp. 993–1002. [CrossRef]
Haramura, Y. , and Katto, Y. , 1983, “ A New Hydrodynamic Model of Critical Heat Flux, Applicable Widely to Both Pool and Forced Convection Boiling on Submerged Bodies in Saturated Liquids,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 26(3), pp. 389–399. [CrossRef]
Costello, C. P. , and Frea, W. J. , 1963, “ A Salient Nonhydrodynamic Effect on Pool Boiling Burnout of Small Semicylindrical Heaters,” AIChE Chem. Eng. Prog. Symp. Ser., 61(57), pp. 258–268.
Gaertner, R. F. , 1965, “ Photographic Study of Nucleate Pool Boiling on a Horizontal Surface,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 87(1), pp. 17–27. [CrossRef]
Dhir, V . K. , and Liaw, S. P. , 1989, “ Framework for a Unified Model for Nucleate and Transition Pool Boiling,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 111(3), pp. 739–746. [CrossRef]
Kandlikar, S. G. , 2001, “ A Theoretical Model to Predict Pool Boiling CHF Incorporating Effects of Contact Angle and Orientation,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 123(6), pp. 1071–1079. [CrossRef]
Crane, M. , and Charlesworth, D. M. , 1966, “ Thermal Conduction Effects on the Critical Heat Flux in Pool Boiling,” Chem. Eng. Program Symp. Ser., 64, pp. 24–34.
Tachibana, F. , Akiyama, M. , and Kawamura, H. , 1967, “ Non-Hydrodynamic Aspects of Pool Boiling Burnout,” J. Nucl. Sci. Technol., 4(3), pp. 121–130. [CrossRef]
Golobič, I. , and Bergles, A. E. , 1997, “ Effects of Heater-Side Factors on the Saturated Pool Boiling Critical Heat Flux,” Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci., 15(1), pp. 43–51. [CrossRef]
Watwe, A. A. , and Bar-Cohen, A. , 1997, “ Modeling of Conduction Effects on Pool Boiling CHF of Dielectric Liquids,” Natl. Heat Transfer Conf., 4, pp. 35–43.
Arik, M. , and Bar-Cohen, A. , 2003, “ Effusivity-Based Correlation of Surface Property Effects in Pool Boiling CHF of Dielectric Liquids,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 46(20), pp. 3755–3764. [CrossRef]
Han, C.-Y. , and Griffith, P. , 1962, “ The Mechanism of Heat Transfer in Nucleate Pool Boiling,” MIT Division of Sponsored Research, Cambridge, MA, Technical Report No. 19. https://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/61501
Carvalho, R. D. M. , and Bergles, A. E. , 1992, “ The Effect of Heater Thermal Conductance/Capacitance on Pool Boiling Critical Heat Flux,” Engineering Foundation Conference, Pool and External Flow Boiling, Brisbane, Australia, May 3–8, pp. 203–211.
Singh, A. , Mikic, B. B. , and Rohsenow, W. M. , 1976, “ Active Sites in Boiling,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 98(3), pp. 401–406. [CrossRef]
Pioro, I . L. , Rohsenow, W. , and Doerffer, S. S. , 2004, “ Nucleate Pool-Boiling Heat Transfer. I: Review of Parametric Effects of Boiling Surface,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 47(23), pp. 5033–5044. [CrossRef]
Kalani, A. , and Kandlikar, S. G. , 2013, “ Enhanced Pool Boiling With Ethanol at Subatmospheric Pressures for Electronics Cooling,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 135(11), p. 111002. [CrossRef]
Jaikumar, A. , and Kandlikar, S. G. , 2015, “ Enhanced Pool Boiling Heat Transfer Mechanisms for Selectively Sintered Open Microchannels,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 88, pp. 652–661. [CrossRef]
Zou, A. , and Maroo, S. C. , 2013, “ Critical Height of Micro/Nano Structures for Pool Boiling Heat Transfer Enhancement,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 103(22), p. 221602. [CrossRef]
Carvalho, R. M. , and Bergles, A. E. , 1990, “ The Effect of Heater Thermal Properties and Thickness on the Pool Boiling Critical Heat Flux,” Third Brasilian Thermal Sciences Meeting (III ENCIT), Itapema, Santa Catarinia, Brazil, Dec., pp. 577–582.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Variation of CHF for the various materials tested by Golobič and Bergles [12] using Eq. (3)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Experimental setup

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Asymptotic heater thickness versus k−0.5 [12]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Experimental versus predicted CHF

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Variation of normalized CHF as a function of (a) thermal conductivity, (b) thermal diffusivity, and (c) thermal mass

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Pool boiling curves for the surfaces tested

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In