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Research Papers: Micro/Nanoscale Heat Transfer

Enhanced Subcooled Flow Boiling Heat Transfer in Microchannel With Piranha Pin Fin

[+] Author and Article Information
X. Yu

Mechanical, Aerospace, and Nuclear
Engineering Department,
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute,
110 8th Street,
Troy, NY 12180
e-mail: yux2@rpi.edu

C. Woodcock

Mechanical, Aerospace, and Nuclear
Engineering Department,
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute,
110 8th Street,
Troy, NY 12180
e-mail: woodcc@rpi.edu

Y. Wang

Department of Mechanical
and Aerospace Engineering,
University of Central Florida,
4000 Central Florida Boulevard,
Orlando, FL 32816
e-mail: Yingying.Wang@ucf.edu

J. Plawsky

Chemical Engineering Department,
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute,
110 8th Street,
Troy, NY, 12180
e-mail: plawsky@rpi.edu

Y. Peles

Department of Mechanical
and Aerospace Engineering,
University of Central Florida,
4000 Central Florida Boulevard,
Orlando, FL 32816
e-mail: Yoav.Peles@ucf.edu

Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF HEAT TRANSFER. Manuscript received October 14, 2016; final manuscript received February 13, 2017; published online June 21, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Satish G. Kandlikar.

J. Heat Transfer 139(11), 112402 (Jun 21, 2017) (13 pages) Paper No: HT-16-1664; doi: 10.1115/1.4036683 History: Received October 14, 2016; Revised February 13, 2017

An experimental study on subcooled flow boiling with engineering fluid HFE-7000 in a microchannel fitted with piranha pin fins (PPFs) is presented. Heat fluxes of up to 735 W/cm2 were achieved and mass fluxes ranged from 618 kg/m2s to 2569 kg/m2 s. It was found that the flow boiling heat transfer was significantly enhanced with PPFs. The heat transfer coefficient with flow boiling was double the corresponding single-phase flow. Correlations for two-phase heat transfer coefficient and pressure drop in the nucleate flow boiling regime were developed based on the boiling, Weber, and Jakob numbers. The onset of nucleate boiling (ONB) and the critical heat flux (CHF) conditions were determined through visualization and was typically initiated from the last row of fins where temperatures were highest and flow rates lowest.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

PPFs conceptual design

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Fig. 2

Schematic diagram for experimental apparatus

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Fig. 3

The package and device [35]: (a) exploded diagram for test package, (b) PPFs device, and (c) PPFs array images taken by microscope

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Fig. 4

Dimensions for the micro device and PPF arrays: (a) device dimension and (b) dimension of PPF array

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Fig. 5

Tw versus qbase under different reference pressures (Gin = 618 kg/m2 s): (a) boiling curve and ONB and (b) visualization of ONB under different reference pressures (examples of vapor bubbles are circled out in the second row)

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Fig. 6

Boiling curves with multiple mass fluxes (Gin = 618 kg/m2s; 1597 kg/m2s; 2569 kg/m2s) under Pref = 514 kPa

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Fig. 7

Flow boiling visualization under different conditions at ONB (Pref = 514 kPa). (a) Gin = 618 kg/m2s; qbase = 230 W/cm2, (b) Gin = 1597 kg/m2s, kg/m2s; qbase = 320 W/cm2, and (c) Gin = 2569 kg/m2s, qbase = 460 W/cm2.

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Fig. 8

Single-phase and two-phase heat transfer coefficient versus heat flux under different reference pressures: (a) single-phase heat transfer coefficient in plain channel versus channel with PPF, (b) Pref = 238 kPa, (c) Pref = 376 kPa, and (d) Pref = 514 kPa

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Fig. 9

Highest heat flux achieved before CHF under different system pressure

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Fig. 10

Heat transfer enhancement factor for multiple mass fluxes (Gin = 618 kg/m2s; 1597 kg/m2s; 2569 kg/m2s) with different reference pressures ((a) Pref = 238 kPa, (b) Pref = 376 kPa, and (c) Pref = 514 kPa)

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Fig. 11

Predicted and measured heat transfer coefficient for cases with multiple mass fluxes (Gin = 618 kg/m2s; 1597 kg/m2s; 2569 kg/m2s) and reference pressures ((a) Pref = 238 kPa, (b) Pref = 376 kPa, and (c) Pref = 514 kPa)

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Fig. 12

Repeatability test: Tw versus qbase″ with Gin = 2569 kg/m2s; Pref = 376 kPa

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Fig. 13

High-speed images at different mass flux (Pref = 514 kPa): (a) Gin = 618 kg/m2s, (b) Gin = 1597 kg/m2s, and (c) Gin = 2569 kg/m2s

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Fig. 14

Schematic of the flow boiling developing process at low mass flux (a) and high mass flux (b)

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Fig. 15

Pressure drop versus heat flux (Pref = 238 kPa)

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Fig. 16

Predicted and measured Φ2 for cases with multiple mass fluxes (Gin = 618 kg/m2s; 1597 kg/m2s; 2569 kg/m2s) and reference pressures ((a) Pref = 238 kPa, (b) Pref = 376 kPa, and (c) Pref = 514 kPa)

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