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Research Papers: Heat and Mass Transfer

Theoretical Realizability of Dream-Pipe-Like Oscillating/Pulsating Heat Pipe

[+] Author and Article Information
Masao Furukawa

Department of Electrical Systems Engineering,
Kogakuin University,
1-24-2, Nishi-Shinjuku, Shinjuku-ku,
Tokyo 163-8677, Japan
e-mail: au40740@ns.kogakuin.ac.jp

Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF HEAT TRANSFER. Manuscript received April 9, 2017; final manuscript received July 7, 2017; published online September 26, 2017. Editor: Portonovo S. Ayyaswamy.

J. Heat Transfer 140(2), 022002 (Sep 26, 2017) (11 pages) Paper No: HT-17-1200; doi: 10.1115/1.4037748 History: Received April 09, 2017; Revised July 07, 2017

The state of the art of thermally self-excited oscillatory heat pipe technology is briefly mentioned to emphasize that there exists no oscillating/pulsating heat pipe (OHP/PHP) suited to long-distance heat transport. Responding to such conditions, this study actively proposes a newly devised conceptually novel type of OHP/PHP. In that heat pipe, the adiabatic section works as it were the dream pipe invented by Kurzweg. This striking quality of the proposed new-style OHP/PHP produces high possibilities of long-distance heat transport. To support such optimistic views, an originally planned mathematical model is introduced for feasibility studies. Hydraulic considerations have first been done to understand what conditions are required for sustaining bubble-train flows in a capillary tube of interest. Theoretical analysis has then been made to solve the momentum and energy equations governing the flow velocity and temperature fields in the adiabatic section. The obtained analytical solutions are arranged to give algebraic expressions of the effective thermal diffusivity, the performance index combined with the tidal displacement, and the required electric power. Computed results of those three are displayed in the figures to demonstrate the realizability of that novel OHP.

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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Dream-pipe-like oscillating/pulsating heat pipe

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Axially cut or radially unrolled cross sections of an elongated bubble in a tube

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Maximum permissible externally imposed pressure versus specified-to-allowable tube diameter ratio

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

(a) Self-excited oscillation acceleration versus tube adiabatic section length and (b) externally imposed oscillation acceleration versus tube adiabatic section length

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

(a) Self-excited oscillation frequency versus heat load per tube and (b) self-excited oscillation frequency versus tube adiabatic section length

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Fig. 6

Relative increase of effective thermal diffusivity versus tube adiabatic section length when externally activated with self-excited oscillation frequency

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Induced fluid tidal displacement versus externally imposed oscillation frequency

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Dimensionless effective thermal diffusivity versus tube adiabatic section length when externally activated with self-excited oscillation frequency

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

(a) Required electric power per tube versus externally imposed oscillation frequency and (b) required electric power per tube versus tube adiabatic section length when externally activated with self-excited oscillation frequency

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