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Research Papers: Evaporation, Boiling, and Condensation

A Novel Semi-Empirical Correlation for Wall Heat Transfer During Saturated Nucleate Flow Boiling

[+] Author and Article Information
Nhan Hien Hoang

University of Science and Technology,
217 Gajung-ro,
Daejeon 34113, Yuseong-gu, South Korea
e-mail: hnhien@kaeri.re.kr

Chul-Hwa Song

Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute,
Daedeok-daero 989-111,
Daejeon 34057, Yuseong-gu, South Korea
e-mail: chsong@karei.re.kr

In-Cheol Chu

Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute,
Daedeok-daero 989-111,
Daejeon 34057, Yuseong-gu, South Korea
e-mail: chuic@kaeri.re.kr

Dong-Jin Euh

Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute,
Daedeok-daero 989-111,
Daejeon 34057, Yuseong-gu, South Korea
e-mail: djeuh@kaeri.re.kr

Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF HEAT TRANSFER. Manuscript received May 21, 2017; final manuscript received September 22, 2017; published online February 21, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Yuwen Zhang.

J. Heat Transfer 140(5), 051502 (Feb 21, 2018) (9 pages) Paper No: HT-17-1291; doi: 10.1115/1.4038481 History: Received May 21, 2017; Revised September 22, 2017

Most of the existing empirical correlations for wall heat transfer during flow boiling show a limited predictability stemming mainly from so-called the suppression and enhancement factors, which are introduced to describe the boiling heat transfer hypothetically by a combination of nucleate pool boiling and single-phase forced convection. There is no physical basis strongly supporting the determination of these factors. This study, to avoid such limitations, presents a distinctive approach to the modeling of wall boiling heat transfer utilizing the physical concept of wall heat flux partitioning. A new correlation of local boiling heat transfer coefficient is composed of primary heat transfer mechanisms of transient conduction and forced convection. Heat transfer areas of these mechanisms replace the suppression and enhancement factors in the new correlation and are determined empirically by dimensionless analysis. Based on an experimental database of 3187 points collected for saturated boiling of various working fluids flowing inside channels of different configurations, the new correlation is obtained and compared with existing correlations widely used. The evaluation highlights much better predictability of the present correlation. While the other correlations show relatively large scattering with over 30% deviation from the experimental data, the newly proposed correlation shows an excellent agreement with a deviation of less than 10%. The good predictability would be from the well-structured physical basis and make the new correlation promising in practical boiling heat transfer analysis.

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References

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Scheme for wall heat flux partitioning

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Fig. 3

Comparison of the present model with experimental database

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Fig. 5

Comparison of the Shah's correlation with experimental database

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Fig. 6

Comparison of the Liu and Winterton's correlation with experimental database

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Fig. 2

Empirical procedure for the determination of unknown constants

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Fig. 4

Comparison of the Chen's correlation with experimental database

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Fig. 7

Variation of predicted F factor with heat and mass fluxes

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Fig. 8

Variation of predicted convective heat flux with heat and mass fluxes

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