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Boiling Heat Transfer Characteristics of Staggered-array Water Impinging Jets on Hot Steel Plate

[+] Author and Article Information
Sang Gun Lee

Department of Energy Conversion Systems, Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials, Daejeon, 34103, Korea
sggwc4ever@gmail.com

Jin Sub Kim

Department of Energy Conversion Systems, Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials, Daejeon, 34103, Korea
jskim129@kimm.re.kr

Dong Hwan Shin

Department of Energy Conversion Systems, Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials, Daejeon, 34103, Korea
dhshin@kimm.re.kr

Jungho Lee

Department of Energy Conversion Systems, Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials, Daejeon, 34103, Korea
jungho@kimm.re.kr

1Corresponding author.

J. Heat Transfer 140(3), 030903 (Feb 16, 2018) Paper No: HT-17-1706; doi: 10.1115/1.4039168 History: Received November 27, 2017; Revised December 25, 2017

Abstract

The effect of staggered-array water impinging jets on boiling heat transfer was investigated by a simultaneous measurement between boiling visualization and heat transfer characteristics. The boiling phenomena of staggered-array impinging jets on hot steel plate were visualized by 4K UHD video camera. The surface temperature and heat flux on hot steel plate was determined by solving 2-D inverse heat conduction problem, which was measured by the flat-plate heat flux gauge. The experiment was made at jet Reynolds number of Re = 5,000 and the jet-to-jet distance of staggered-array jets of S/Dn = 10. Complex flow interaction of staggered-array impinging jets exhibited hexagonal flow pattern like as honey-comb. The calculated surface heat transfer profiles show a good agreement with the corresponding boiling visualization. The peak of heat flux accords with the location which nucleate boiling is occurred at. In early stage, the positions of maximum heat flux locate at the stagnation point of each jet as the relatively low surface temperature is shown at their positions. At the elapsed time of 10 s, the flat shape of heat flux profile is formed in the hexagonal area where the interacting flow uniformly cools down the wetted surface. After that, the wetted area continuously enlarges with time and the maximum heat flux is observed at its peripheral. These results point out that the flow interaction of staggered-array jets effectively cools down the closer area around jets and also show an expansion of nucleate boiling and suppression of film boiling during water jet cooling on hot steel plate. [This work was supported by the KETEP grant funded by the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy, Korea (Grant No. 20142010102910).]

Copyright © 2018 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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