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Research Papers: Two-Phase Flow and Heat Transfer

A Pressure-Base One-Fluid Compressible Formulation for High Speed Two-Phase Flows With Heat and Mass Transfer

[+] Author and Article Information
Yan Luo

Laboratory Technician,
School of Mechanical and Power Engineering,
Nanjing Tech University,
No.6, Puzhu South Road,
Pukou District,
Nanjing 211816, Jiangsu Province, China
e-mail: 3095068802@qq.com

Jianqiu Zhou

Professor
School of Mechanical and Power Engineering,
Nanjing Tech University,
No.6, Puzhu South Road,
Pukou District,
Nanjing 211816, Jiangsu Province, China
e-mail: 3110837040@qq.com

Xia Yang

Professor
School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering,
Wuhan institute of Technology,
No.1, Liufang Avenue,
Jiangxia District,
Wuhan 430073, Hubei Province, China
e-mail: 3348489608@qq.com

Zhanxiang Jiang

School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering,
Wuhan institute of Technology,
No.1, Liufang Avenue,
Jiangxia District,
Wuhan 430073, Hubei Province, China
e-mail: 411841183@qq.com

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF HEAT TRANSFER. Manuscript received October 14, 2017; final manuscript received March 13, 2018; published online April 19, 2018. Assoc. Editor: George S. Dulikravich.

J. Heat Transfer 140(8), 082901 (Apr 19, 2018) (17 pages) Paper No: HT-17-1603; doi: 10.1115/1.4039686 History: Received October 14, 2017; Revised March 13, 2018

This paper presents a numerical method for high-speed compressible cavitating flows. The method is derived from one-fluid formulation in a sense that the two phases are well mixed and the mixture is considered as a locally homogeneous media. Energy equation is solved to predict the temperature evolution which is then used together with pressure to update the density field. A volume of fluid (VOF) phase-fraction based interface capturing approach is used to capture the phase front between the two immiscible fluids. The derived formulations have been implemented into a pressure-based, segregated algebraic semi-implicit compressible solver in Openfoam, which can be used to solve for high-speed compressible two-phase flows involving phase changing. Numerical examples include the cavitating flows induced by an ultrasonic oscillating horn with and without a counter sample. The numerical results by the proposed method are validated against the published experimental data as well as numerical results and good agreements have been obtained. Our calculation demonstrates that the proposed numerical method is applicable to the study of high-speed two phase flows with phase transition and wave propagation, such as shock waves induced by the collapse of the cavitation bubbles.

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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Schematic of ultrasonic horn test: (1) case A is adopted from the work done by Žnidarčič et al. [46]; (2) case B is based on the test conducted by Mottyll et al. [47]. The geometries are only displayed in a half and the complete domains are used in the actual computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations. All the lengths are in unit of mm if other declared.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

A zoom view of the mesh close to the horn tip. The local refinement of grid size is required to predict the time evolution of the attached cavity.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Time history of the probed pressure ph, vapor cavity volume αint from the CFD simulation of case A.1. The middle grid is used.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Frequency spectrum of the time-dependent pressure data computed with three different grids for case A.1. The DFT function in matlab is used with 10 ms of time window.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Time sequence of the attached cavity beneath the horn tip roughly for one complete subharmonic cycle: (a) the shadowed cavity structures are formed via silhouettes of isosurfaces of γ=0.9 for case A.1, where Âpp=164μmand (b) contours of temperature field

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Snapshot of the pressure wave field beneath the horn tip. Time instant is right after the collapse of a vapor cavity.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Time history of the integral vapor volume fraction αint and registered maximum pressure pmax for the simulation of case B. The middle grid size is used.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Snapshots from instantaneous contours of water phase volume fraction, velocity magnitude, and temperature, from top to bottom, respectively

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