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Research Papers: Thermal Systems

Experimental Analysis of Dielectric Barrier Discharge Plasma Actuators Thermal Characteristics Under External Flow Influence

[+] Author and Article Information
F. F. Rodrigues

Center for Mechanical and Aerospace
Science and Technology (C-MAST),
Universidade da Beira Interior,
Covilha 6200, Portugal
e-mail: frederic@ubi.pt

J. C. Pascoa

Center for Mechanical and Aerospace
Science and Technology (C-MAST),
Universidade da Beira Interior,
Covilha 6200, Portugal
e-mail: pascoa@ubi.pt

M. Trancossi

Faculty of Arts, Computing,
Engineering and Sciences,
Sheffield Hallam University,
Sheffield S1 1WB, UK
e-mail: m.trancossi@shu.ac.uk

Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF HEAT TRANSFER. Manuscript received January 30, 2018; final manuscript received April 24, 2018; published online May 25, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Milind A. Jog.

J. Heat Transfer 140(10), 102801 (May 25, 2018) (10 pages) Paper No: HT-18-1061; doi: 10.1115/1.4040152 History: Received January 30, 2018; Revised April 24, 2018

Dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma actuators have several applications within the field of active flow control. Separation control, wake control, aircraft noise reduction, modification of velocity fluctuations, or boundary layer control are just some examples of their applications. They present several attractive features such as their simple construction, very low mass, fast response, low power consumption, and robustness. Besides their aerodynamic applications, these devices have also possible applications within the field of heat transfer, for example film cooling applications or ice formation prevention. However, due to the extremely high electric fields in the plasma region and consequent impossibility of applying classic intrusive techniques, there is a relative lack of information about DBDs thermal characteristics. In an attempt to overcome this scenario, this work describes the thermal behavior of DBD plasma actuators under different flow conditions. Infra-red thermography measurements were performed in order to obtain the temperature distribution of the dielectric layer and also of the exposed electrode. During this work, we analyzed DBD plasma actuators with different dielectric thicknesses and also with different dielectric materials, whose thermal behavior is reported for the first time. The results allowed to conclude that the temperature distribution is not influenced by the dielectric thickness, but it changes when the actuator operates under an external flow. We also verified that, although in quiescent conditions the exposed electrode temperature is higher than the plasma region temperature, the main heat energy dissipation occurs in the dielectric, more specifically in the plasma formation region.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Schematic of a DBD plasma actuator configuration

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Fig. 2

Experimental setup used for plasma actuators temperature characterization

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Fig. 3

Voltage, current, and power waveforms of a DBD plasma actuator (acquired for a 0.6 mm Kapton actuator at 7 kV pp and 24 kHz)

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Fig. 4

Power consumption of actuators made of Kapton with different dielectric thickness at 24 kHz

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Fig. 5

Power consumption of actuators with different dielectric materials at 24 kHz

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Fig. 12

Average temperature found along the x-axis in electrode and in dielectric surface for actuators with different dielectric materials

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Fig. 11

Average temperature found along the x-axis in electrode and in dielectric surface for actuators with different dielectric thicknesses

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Fig. 10

Spatial temperature variation along the y-axis

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Fig. 9

Plasma discharge visualization for a 1.02 mm Kapton

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Fig. 8

Spatial temperature variation along the x-axis

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Fig. 7

Infra-red images captured for plasma actuators with different dielectric materials

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Fig. 6

Infra-red images obtained for plasma actuators with different dielectric thicknesses operating at quiescent conditions and with an external flow

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