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Research Papers: Evaporation, Boiling, and Condensation

Pool Boiling of Low-Global Warming Potential Replacements for R134a on a Reentrant Cavity Surface

[+] Author and Article Information
M. A. Kedzierski

Fellow ASME
National Institute of Standards and Technology,
Gaithersburg, MD 20899
e-mail: MAK@NIST.GOV

L. Lin, D. Kang

National Institute of Standards and Technology,
Gaithersburg, MD 20899

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF HEAT TRANSFER. Manuscript received November 27, 2017; final manuscript received June 28, 2018; published online August 24, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Debjyoti Banerjee. This material is declared a work of the U.S. Government and is not subject to copyright protection in the United States. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

J. Heat Transfer 140(12), 121502 (Aug 24, 2018) (7 pages) Paper No: HT-17-1709; doi: 10.1115/1.4040783 History: Received November 27, 2017; Revised June 28, 2018

This paper quantifies the pool boiling performance of R134a, R1234yf, R513A, and R450A on a flattened, horizontal reentrant cavity surface. The study showed that the boiling performance of R134a on the Turbo-ESP exceeded that of the replacement refrigerants for heat fluxes greater than 20 kW m−2. On average, the heat flux for R1234yf and R513A was 16% and 19% less than that for R134a, respectively, for R134a heat fluxes between 20 kW m−2 and 110 kW m−2. The heat flux for R450A was on average 57% less than that of R134a for heat fluxes between 30 kW m−2 and 110 kW m−2. A model was developed to predict both single-component and multicomponent pool boiling of the test refrigerants on the Turbo-ESP surface. The model accounts for viscosity effects on bubble population and uses the Fritz equation to account for increased vapor production with increasing superheat. Both loss of available superheat and mass transfer resistance effects were modeled for the refrigerant mixtures. For most heat fluxes, the model predicted the measured superheat to within ±0.31 K.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Schematic of test apparatus

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Fig. 2

Oxygen-free high-conductivity copper flat test plate with Turbo-ESP surface and thermocouple coordinate system

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Fig. 3

Photograph of Turbo-ESP surface

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Fig. 4

Comparison of boiling curves for R134a and R450A on the Turbo-ESP surface to Gorgy [19] measurements

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Fig. 5

Boiling curves for R134a and the low-GWP refrigerants for the Turbo-ESP surface

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Fig. 6

Comparison of R134a heat flux on the Turbo-ESP surface to that for the low-GWP fluids at the same wall superheat

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Fig. 7

Comparison of superheat for Turbo-ESP surface to that for a plain surface and an integral-fin surface at the same heat flux

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Fig. 8

Comparison of pool boiling model for Turbo-ESP surface for single component refrigerants to present measurements

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Fig. 9

Comparison of pool boiling model for Turbo-ESP surface for multicomponent refrigerants to present measurements

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