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research-article

Non-isothermal evaporation of layers of aqueous salt solutions

[+] Author and Article Information
S.Y. Misyura

National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, pr. Lenina 30, Tomsk 634050, Russia; Institute of Thermophysics Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Lavrentiev Ave. 1, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia
misura@itp.nsc.ru

Vladimir Morozov

Institute of Thermophysics Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Lavrentiev Ave. 1, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia
morozov.vova.88@mail.ru

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4041323 History: Received September 05, 2017; Revised August 23, 2018

Abstract

Evaporation of layers of aqueous solutions of salts (LiBr, CaCl2, NaCl, MgCl2, BaCl2, CsCl) is studied experimentally. Experimental data are compared with evaporation of the water layer. The solution is placed on a horizontal surface of a cylindrical heating section. Experiments on surface crystallization of salts are carried out. For aqueous solutions of salts LiBr, LiCl and CaCl2 there is an extremum for the heat transfer coefficient al. For water and for solutions of salts NaCl and CsCl the extremum is absent. The first factor is a decreasing function of time, and the second factor is an increasing function of time. For the water layer, both factors continuously increase with time, and the maximum evaporation rate corresponds to the final stage of evaporation. The heat balance for interface layer is made up. The role of the free gas convection in the heat balance strongly depends on the salt concentration and varies with the rise of evaporation time. For low salt concentrations the influence of free convection in the gas phase on heat transfer in the liquid phase can be neglected; however, for high concentrations this effect is comparable with other factors. The curves for the rate of crystallization have been built. More than two times difference between the experiment and the calculation is associated with the kinetics of dendritic structures.

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