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Research Papers: Evaporation, Boiling, and Condensation

A Unified Three-Dimensional Numerical Model for Boiling Curve in a Temperature Controlled Mode1

[+] Author and Article Information
Deepak Garg

Department of Mechanical
and Aerospace Engineering,
University of California,
Los Angeles 420 Westwood Plaza,
Los Angeles, CA 90095
e-mail: deepakgarg@ucla.edu

V. K. Dhir

Department of Mechanical
and Aerospace Engineering,
University of California,
Los Angeles 420 Westwood Plaza,
Los Angeles, CA 90095
e-mail: vdhir@seas.ucla.edu

2Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF HEAT TRANSFER. Manuscript received September 15, 2017; final manuscript received September 17, 2018; published online November 21, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Debjyoti Banerjee.

J. Heat Transfer 141(1), 011504 (Nov 21, 2018) (13 pages) Paper No: HT-17-1542; doi: 10.1115/1.4041798 History: Received September 15, 2017; Revised September 17, 2018

In the present study, level set method is used to simulate the entire boiling curve in a temperature-controlled mode spanning all the three regimes viz., nucleate, transition, and film boiling with a unified numerical model supplemented with correlations specifying nucleation site density and waiting time between successive nucleations. In order to improve the performance of the code, parallel computing has also been implemented. Vapor evolution process along with temporal- and spatial-averaged wall heat flux and wall void fraction are computed for a uniform wall superheat case. Wall void fraction is found to increase with increase in wall superheat nonlinearly as different regimes of boiling were traversed. Energy partitioning from wall into liquid, interface, and microlayer has also been examined where it is found that as the wall void fraction increases, the percent energy going into liquid decreases while the microlayer contribution peaks around critical heat flux (CHF). Numerical simulations are carried out in 3D with water as test liquid and contact angle of 38 deg.

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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Numerical model showing micro region and macro region [15]

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Fig. 2

Validation of three bubble merger (ΔT = 10 °C, ϕ = 54 deg, Mukherjee and Dhir [21])

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Fig. 3

Validation of bubble diameter and Nu (ΔT = 10 °C, ϕ = 54 deg)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Bubble evolution at nucleate boiling (Z = 3.49 mm, ΔT = 15 °C): (a) (time = 0.0 ms), (b) (time = 13.0 ms), (c) (time = 22.3 ms), and (d) (time =30.2 ms)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Bubble evolution at CHF (Z = 3.49 mm, ΔT = 27 °C): (a) (time = 1.47 ms), (b) (time = 4.00 ms), (c) (time = 4.94 ms), and (d) (time = 6.12 ms)

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Fig. 6

Wall heat flux and wall void fraction variation (ΔT = 15 °C)

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Fig. 7

Nucleate boiling regime

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Fig. 8

Computed CHF value in comparison to data reported in the literature

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Fig. 9

Normalized transition boiling curve

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Fig. 10

F-factor for transition boiling regime

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Fig. 11

Bubble evolution at transition boiling (Z = 3.49 mm, ΔT = 40 °C): (a) (time = 0.00 ms), (b) (time = 6 ms), (c) (time = 16 ms), and (d) (time = 41 ms)

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Fig. 12

Bubble evolution at film boiling (Z = 3.49 mm, ΔT = 130 °C): (a) (time = 186 ms), (b) (time = 217 ms), (c) (time = 235 ms), and (d) (time = 240 ms)

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Fig. 13

Film boiling heat flux

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Fig. 14

Simulated boiling curve and wall void fraction in a temperature controlled mode

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Fig. 15

Wall heat flux partitioning

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Fig. 16

Comparison of nucleate boiling curve for different grid density

Tables

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