Review Article

Advances in Understanding of Pool Boiling Heat Transfer—From Earth on to Deep Space

[+] Author and Article Information
Vijay K. Dhir

Mechanical and Aerospace
Engineering Department,
School of Engineering and Applied Science,
University of California, Los Angeles,
Los Angeles, CA 90095

Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF HEAT TRANSFER. Manuscript received August 29, 2018; final manuscript received March 21, 2019; published online April 15, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Milind A. Jog.

J. Heat Transfer 141(5), 050802 (Apr 15, 2019) (8 pages) Paper No: HT-18-1561; doi: 10.1115/1.4043282 History: Received August 29, 2018; Revised March 21, 2019

In this work, the effectiveness of the numerical simulations in advancing fundamental understanding of bubble dynamics and nucleate pool boiling heat transfer is discussed. The results of numerical simulations are validated with experiments on ground, in parabolic flights and on the International Space Station (ISS). As such validation is carried out when the level of gravity is varied over seven orders of magnitude. It is shown that reduced gravity stretches the length and time scales of the process and generally leads to degradation of rate of heat transfer associated with nucleate boiling.

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Fig. 1

Subprocesses that need to be modeled in a credible model for nucleate boiling

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Fig. 2

Micro and macro regions used in the numerical simulations

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Fig. 3

Temperature variations in the vicinity of a nucleation site

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Fig. 4

Bubble merger in the vertical direction

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Fig. 5

Bubble merger in the lateral direction

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Fig. 6

Nucleate boiling on a microfabricated surface

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Fig. 7

Simulated boiling curve

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Fig. 8

Variation of liquid fraction with superheat in the transition boiling regime

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Fig. 9

Effect of reduced gravity on bubble departure diameter and growth period

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Fig. 10

Temperature and flow field around a bubble at g/ge ≅ 10−4

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Fig. 11

Nucleate boiling heat flux on a microfabricated surface in parabolic flights

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Fig. 12

Single bubble growth history and heat flux on the ISS

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Fig. 13

Visualization of nucleate boiling on ISS and prediction from numerical simulations

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Fig. 14

Comparison of predicted and observed nucleate boiling heat transfer at Earth normal gravity and on ISS



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