This paper presents further investigation into the effect of over-expansion cycle with late-closing of intake valves on the engine performance in gasoline engines. A larger single-cylinder test engine with the stroke volume of 650 cc was used with four kinds of expansion ratio (geometrical compression ratio) from 10 to 25 and four sets of intake valve closure (I.V.C.) timings from 0 to 110 deg C.A. ABDC. Late-closing has an effect of decreasing the pumping work due to the reduction of intake vacuum, althogh higher expansion ratio increases the friction work due to the average cylinder pressure level. Combining the higher expansion ratio with the late-closing determines the mechanical efficiency on the basis of these two contrastive effects. The indicated thermal efficiency is mostly determined by the expansion ratio and little affected by the nominal compression ratio. The value of the indicated thermal efficiency reaches to 48% at most which is almost comparable with the value of diesel engines. The improvement of both indicated and brake thermal efficiency reaches to 16% which is much higher than ever reported by the authors. A simple thermodynamic calculation could successfully explain the behavior of the indicated thermal efficiency. The brake thermal efficiency could also be improved due to the increase in both mechanical and indicated efficiencies.

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