Impedance-based structural health monitoring (SHM) is recognized as a non-intrusive, highly sensitive, and model-independent SHM solution that is readily applicable to complex structures. This SHM method relies on analyzing the electromechanical impedance (EMI) signature of the structure under test over the time span of its operation. Changes in the EMI signature, compared to a baseline measured at the healthy state of the structure, often indicate damage. This method has successfully been applied to assess the integrity of numerous civil, aerospace, and mechanical components and structures. However, EMI sensitivity to environmental conditions, the temperature, in particular, has been an ongoing challenge facing the wide adoption of this method. Temperature-induced variation in EMI signatures can be misinterpreted as damage, leading to false positives, or may overshadow the effects of incipient damage in the structure.
In this paper, a new method for temperature compensation of EMI signature is presented. Data-driven dynamic models are first developed by fitting EMI signatures measured at various temperatures using the Vector Fitting algorithm. Once these models are developed, the dependence of model parameters on temperature is established. A parametric data-driven model is then derived with temperature as a parameter. This allows for EMI signatures to be calculated at any desired temperature. The capabilities of this new temperature compensation method are demonstrated on aluminum samples, where EMI signatures are measured at various temperatures. The developed method is found to be capable of temperature compensation of EMI signatures at a broad frequency range.