Effect of Aspect Ratio and Tube Orientation on Free Convection Heat Transfer to Water and Mercury in Enclosed Circular Tubes

[+] Author and Article Information
Floyd W. Larsen

FluiDyne Engineering Corporation, Minneapolis, Minn.

James P. Hartnett

Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn.

J. Heat Transfer 83(1), 87-93 (Feb 01, 1961) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3680477 History: Received March 03, 1960


Free convection heat transfer to water and to mercury in a circular tube closed at the bottom end, open to a cooled reservoir at the top, and heated through the wall with a uniform heat flux, has been investigated with emphasis on the effect of length-to-radius ratio and tube inclination. Dimensionless wall and fluid temperatures are presented for several tube inclinations over a range of imposed dimensionless heat fluxes to a tube of length-to-radius ratio 14.6; these results are compared to earlier measurements in a tube of length-to-radius ratio 21.0. Over the range of the investigation the flow was apparently in fully mixed turbulent motion, as evidenced by the large fluid temperature fluctuations recorded during the tests. Inclination of the tube was found to result in a considerable decrease in temperature fluctuations and a corresponding increase in heat transfer above that observed with the tube axis vertical.

Copyright © 1961 by ASME
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