A New and Simpler Formulation for Radiative Angle Factors

[+] Author and Article Information
E. M. Sparrow

Heat Transfer Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn.

J. Heat Transfer 85(2), 81-87 (May 01, 1963) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3686058 History: Received April 02, 1962


A new representation for diffuse angle factors has been derived which replaces the usual area integrals by more tractable contour (i.e., line) integrals. The new formulation generally simplifies analytical calculation of angle factors. The advantages of the new representation are associated with the reduced order of the integrals (i.e., double reduced to single, quadruple reduced to double) which must be evaluated to calculate the angle factor. An additional benefit of the new representation is that integrals of simpler form are encountered than in the present representation. For the numerical evaluation of angle factors, the reduction in the order of the integrals should have great practical utility. In the case of energy exchange between an infinitesimal element and a finite area, a superposition theorem has been derived which permits results for certain basic surfaces to be linearly combined to yield angle factors for surfaces at other orientations. Several illustrations of the application of the new formulation are presented.

Copyright © 1963 by ASME
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