The Thermoelectric-Hydromagnetic Pump

[+] Author and Article Information
J. F. Osterle, S. W. Angrist

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Carnegie Institute of Technology, Pittsburgh, Pa.

J. Heat Transfer 86(2), 166-168 (May 01, 1964) (3 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3687089 History: Received April 23, 1963


A thermally powered pump for fluids which are electrically conducting, which utilizes the Lorentz force between an electric current induced by the Seebeck effect, and an external magnetic field is examined. The pressure rise in the pump is found to be proportional to the magnetic flux density while the flow rate is found to be inversely proportional to the magnetic flux density. Thus the pumping power and efficiency (both being proportional to the product of pressure rise and flow) are independent of the applied magnetic field. Calculations for a pump with constantan walls handling sodium and utilizing a temperature difference of 300 deg C show that a maximum efficiency of close to seven-tenths of a percent is possible. If the same pump is constructed with optimum thickness walls made of the semiconductor AgSbTe2 , it would have an efficiency of nearly six percent.

Copyright © 1964 by ASME
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