Application of a Simplified Velocity Profile to the Prediction of Pipe-Flow Heat Transfer

[+] Author and Article Information
R. D. Haberstroh, L. V. Baldwin

Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colo.

J. Heat Transfer 90(2), 191-198 (May 01, 1968) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3597474 History: Received November 30, 1966; Online August 25, 2011


The temperature profiles and heat-transfer coefficients are predicted for fully developed turbulent pipe flow with constant wall heat flux for a wide range of Prandtl and Reynolds numbers. The basis for integrating the energy equation comes from a continuously differentiable velocity profile which fits the physical boundary conditions and is a rigorous (though not necessarily unique) solution of the Reynolds equations. This velocity profile is the semiempirical relation proposed by S. I. Pai, reference [12]. The assumptions are those of steady, incompressible, constant-property, fully developed, turbulent flow of Newtonian fluids in smooth, circular pipes with constant heat flux at the wall. The ratio of the turbulent thermal diffusivity to the turbulent momentum diffusivity is taken to be unity. The thermal quantities are obtained by numerical integration of the energy equation, and they are presented as curves and tables. A compact formula for the Nusselt number is given for a wide range of Reynolds and Prandtl numbers. The results degenerate identically to the case of laminar flow. The heat-transfer calculation requires neither adjustable factors nor data-fitting beyond the empirical constants in the momentum equation; thus this analysis constitutes a heat-transfer prediction to be tested against heat-transfer data.

Copyright © 1968 by ASME
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