The Formation of Calcium-Sulfate Scale on a Heated Cylinder in Crossflow and Its Removal by Acoustically Induced Cavitation

[+] Author and Article Information
R. M. Fand

Bolt Beranek and Newman, Inc., Cambridge, Mass.

J. Heat Transfer 91(1), 111-122 (Feb 01, 1969) (12 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3580066 History: Received February 26, 1968; Online August 25, 2011


The data obtained in this experimental study are of two kinds: (a) They provide detailed information on the deposition of calcium-sulfate scale on a heated cylinder in crossflow under conditions of constant heat flux; and (b) they demonstrate that acoustically induced cavitation can remove deposits of calcium-sulfate scale from heated surfaces.

Copyright © 1969 by ASME
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