The Influence of Thermocapillary Flow on Heat Transfer in Film Condensation

[+] Author and Article Information
J. D. Cary, B. B. Mikic

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass.

J. Heat Transfer 95(1), 21-24 (Feb 01, 1973) (4 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3449998 History: Received December 29, 1971; Online August 11, 2010


The influence of fluid flow—induced by surface-tension forces—on heat transfer through a condensate film broken by non-wetting strips was considered. The film was modeled as a two-dimensional layer on an isothermal, vertical flat surface; the layer has a flat midsection with circular arcs at the edges. The solution was obtained by a finite-difference technique for several values of the Marangoni number (Nm ) which provides a relative measure of the surface-tension forces and of the Biot number (Bi ) which provides a relative measure of the heat transfer at the liquid–vapor interface. The range of parameters covered by this work transcends the limits of most practical interest for water. The results show that internal thermocapillary circulation causes modest increases in heat transfer. It is concluded that thermocapillary flow might be an important factor in determining the geometry of channeled condensate films.

Copyright © 1973 by ASME
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