Incipient-boiling Superheats for Sodium in Turbulent Channel Flow: Effect of Rate of Temperature Rise

[+] Author and Article Information
O. E. Dwyer, G. Strickland, S. Kalish, P. J. Hlavac, G. A. Schoener

Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, N. Y.

J. Heat Transfer 95(2), 159-165 (May 01, 1973) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3450016 History: Received March 17, 1972; Online August 11, 2010


Using sodium, an experimental study was carried out to determine the effect of rate of temperature rise on the incipient-boiling superheat for fully developed, forced turbulent flow. Three different methods of achieving boiling inception were used. The magnitude of the incipient-boiling superheat was found to be quite reproducible and independent of the experimental method as long as the rate of temperature rise (temperature ramp) was kept constant and kept the same. Moreover, the value of the superheat was found to have a strong dependency on the temperature ramp—the greater the ramp, the larger the superheat. The failure to carefully measure and control temperature ramp is apparently one reason why incipient-boiling-superheat data generally show so much scatter, and those from different laboratories so much disagreement.

Copyright © 1973 by ASME
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