Mass Rate of Flow in the Natural-Convection Plume above a Heated Horizontal Cylinder Immersed in a Liquid

[+] Author and Article Information
R. M. Fand, K. K. Keswani

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii

J. Heat Transfer 95(2), 192-198 (May 01, 1973) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3450025 History: Received July 05, 1972; Online August 11, 2010


In this paper, an empirical formula is determined whereby the mass rate of flow in the natural-convection plume above a heated horizontal cylinder immersed in a liquid can be calculated. The formula is based upon experimental data obtained for a heated horizontal cylinder immersed in a tank of water. It is anticipated that the formula will be useful in the design of heaters for liquids stored in tanks.

Copyright © 1973 by ASME
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