Cooling of a Very Hot Vertical Surface by a Falling Liquid Film

[+] Author and Article Information
K. H. Sun, G. E. Dix

Nuclear Energy Division, General Electric Co., San Jose, Calif.

C. L. Tien

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, Calif.

J. Heat Transfer 96(2), 126-131 (May 01, 1974) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3450151 History: Online August 11, 2010


The present study analyzes the cooling of a very hot vertical surface by a falling liquid film. An analytical model is developed to characterize this phenomenon in three distinctive regions: a dry region ahead of the wet front, a sputtering region immediately behind the wet front, and a continuous film region further upstream. The analysis leads to predictions of the wet front velocity, the sputtering length, and the temperature profiles with respect to the wet front. The heat transfer mechanisms are shown to be dependent upon two temperature parameters characterizing the initial wall temperature and the temperature range for sputtering, and two Biot numbers comparing the convective heat transfer in the liquid film region and the sputtering region with longitudinal heat conduction. The predictions are in good agreement with existing experimental results.

Copyright © 1974 by ASME
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