Augmentation of Laminar Flow Heat Transfer in Tubes by Means of Twisted-Tape Inserts

[+] Author and Article Information
S. W. Hong, A. E. Bergles

Department of Mechanical Engineering and Engineering Research Institute, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa

J. Heat Transfer 98(2), 251-256 (May 01, 1976) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3450527 History: Received November 13, 1975; Online August 11, 2010


Heat transfer coefficients for laminar flow of water and ethylene glycol in an electrically heated metal tube with two twisted-tape inserts were determined experimentally. The Nusselt number for fully developed flow was found to be a function of tape twist ratio, Reynolds number, and Prandtl number. These Nusselt numbers were as much as nine times the empty tube constant property values. The correlation of these data is in fair agreement with the only available analytical predictions. The friction factor is affected by tape twist only at high Reynolds numbers, in accordance with analytical predictions. The performance of these augmented tubes is compared with that of empty tubes under similar heating conditions.

Copyright © 1976 by ASME
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