Transient Natural Convection of Water in a Horizontal Pipe With Constant Cooling Rate Through 4°C

[+] Author and Article Information
K. C. Cheng, M. Takeuchi

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

J. Heat Transfer 98(4), 581-587 (Nov 01, 1976) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3450604 History: Received June 14, 1976; Online August 11, 2010


A theoretical analysis is carried out to study the influence of an anomalous density-temperature relationship of water on the transient natural convection in horizontal cylinders with wall temperature decreasing at a uniform rate. Numercial solutions are obtained for three cases involving different cooling rates, pipe diameters, and initial uniform water temperatures for temperature conditions between 0 and 7°C. The transient flow and temperature fields, and local and overall heat transfer rates are presented to study the inversion of flow patterns caused by the maximum density at 4°C. The numerical results are compared with the experimental measurements and predictions of a quasi-steady boundary-layer model reported by Gilpin [2], and generally a good agreement is observed. Some implications on the subsequent freezing process are pointed out.

Copyright © 1976 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.





Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In