Natural Convection from a Horizontal Cylinder—Laminar Regime

[+] Author and Article Information
B. Farouk, S. İ. Güçeri

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department, University of Delaware, Newark, Del. 19711

J. Heat Transfer 103(3), 522-527 (Aug 01, 1981) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3244495 History: Received August 11, 1980; Online October 20, 2009


A finite-difference numerical method has been adopted to generate flow patterns and heat transfer characteristics for laminar, steady-state, two-dimensional natural convection around a circular cylinder submerged in an unbounded Boussinesq fluid. The approach allows the use of nonuniform as well as uniform specified temperature and heat flux distributions over the cylindrical surface. Part of the results are generated for reverse convective flows with recirculation zones which occur when part of the cylinder is below the ambient temperature while the remaining part is above. The results for uniform temperature boundary condition are in good agreement with the experimental data and other solutions available in literature.

Copyright © 1981 by ASME
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