Effect of Laminarization and Retransition on Heat Transfer for Low Reynolds Number Flow Through a Converging to Constant Area Duct

[+] Author and Article Information
H. Tanaka, A. Tateno, S. Hatamiya

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113 Japan

H. Kawamura

Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, Tokai-mura, Ibaraki-ken, 319-11 Japan

J. Heat Transfer 104(2), 363-371 (May 01, 1982) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3245097 History: Received January 13, 1981; Online October 20, 2009


A fully developed turbulent air flow between two parallel plates with the spacing of 15 mm was accelerated through a linearly converging passage of 200 mm in length, from which it flowed into a parallel-plate channel again. A foil heater was fastened on one wall surface over the entire channel, and local heat-transfer coefficient distribution was measured over the channel Reynolds number range of 5000 to 14,000 and also the slope of the accelerating section between 2/200 mm/mm and 10/200 mm/mm. (The acceleration parameter K ranged between 1.4 × 10−6 and 2 × 10−5 .) The Nusselt number at the outlet of the accelerating section was considerably lower than in the initial fully turbulent state, suggesting laminarization of the flow. The measured Nusselt number continued to decrease in the first part of the downstream parallel-plate section to a minimum and then began to increase sharply, suggesting reversion to turbulent flow. Heat transfer along the parallel-converging-parallel plate system was reproduced fairly satisfactorily by applying a k-kL model of turbulence.

Copyright © 1982 by ASME
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