Natural Convection in Evaporating Minute Drops

[+] Author and Article Information
Nengli Zhang, Wen-Jei Yang

Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich. 48109

J. Heat Transfer 104(4), 656-662 (Nov 01, 1982) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3245182 History: Received December 14, 1981; Online October 20, 2009


Interfacial flow structures in small liquid drops evaporating on flat plates are cinematographically investigated using the methods of direct photography and laser shadowgraphy. Various liquids of relatively low boiling point were evaporated on glass and copper plates at room temperature. The laser shadowgraph records the flow patterns simultaneously at both the liquid-air interface and the liquid-solid interface, from which the evaporation rate is determined. It reveals the existence of three distinct flow structures at the liquid air interface: stable, substable, and unstable. An interfacial flow map is constructed. The direct photography is employed to study the morphology during the entire process of the unstable-interface type evaporation. The mechanism of ripple formation which enhances the evaporation rate is found to be caused by hydrophilicity of the liquid.

Copyright © 1982 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.





Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In