Crystalline Fouling Studies

[+] Author and Article Information
R. B. Ritter

Heat Transfer Research, Inc., Alhambra, Calif. 91802

J. Heat Transfer 105(2), 374-378 (May 01, 1983) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3245588 History: Received October 27, 1981; Online October 20, 2009


In a study of fouling of heat exchangers, aqueous solutions of CaSO4 and Li2 SO4 were circulated through electrically heated tubes at controlled conditions. Measured induction periods and fouling rates of both salts were found to be primarily functions of the supersaturation of the solutions. Secondary correlating parameters were surface temperature for the Li2 SO4 solutions and mass transfer coefficients for the CaSO4 solutions.

Copyright © 1983 by ASME
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