Large Heat Transport Due to Spontaneous Gas Oscillation Induced in a Tube With Steep Temperature Gradients

[+] Author and Article Information
T. Yazaki

Department of Physics, Aichi University of Education, Igaya-cho, Kariyashi, 448 Japan

A. Tominaga, Y. Narahara

Institute of Physics, University of Tsukuba, Sakuramura, Niihari-gun, Ibaraki-ken, 305 Japan

J. Heat Transfer 105(4), 889-894 (Nov 01, 1983) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3245678 History: Received June 01, 1982; Online October 20, 2009


This paper describes experimental studies of heat transfer due to the oscillations of gas columns that are spontaneously induced in a tube with steep temperature gradients. The tube (∼3 m in length) is closed at both ends and bent into U-shaped form at the midpoint. The temperature distribution along the tube is step-functional and symmetrical with respect to the midpoint. The warm part (closed-end sides) is maintained at room temperature and the cold one is immersed in liquid helium (4.2 K). The heat transported from the warm part to the cold is estimated from the evaporation rate of liquid helium. The heat flux by the oscillations is proportional to the square of the pressure amplitude, and the effective heat conductivity can be several orders of magnitude larger than the molecular heat conductivity of gas. The experimental results are compared with the theory of the second-order heat flux proposed by Rott and are found to be in satisfactory agreement with this.

Copyright © 1983 by ASME
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