Analysis of Laminar Flow and Heat Transfer in the Entrance Region of an Internally Finned Circular Duct

[+] Author and Article Information
C. Prakash, Ye-Di Liu

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Aeronautical Engineering and Mechanics, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, N.Y. 12181

J. Heat Transfer 107(1), 84-91 (Feb 01, 1985) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3247407 History: Received May 19, 1983; Online October 20, 2009


Steady, laminar, forced convection flow and heat transfer in the entrance region of an internally finned circular duct has been analyzed by numerically integrating the governing partial differential equations. The fins are radial, continuous, and of zero thickness. Two types of thermal boundary conditions are considered: (i) a uniform heat input per unit axial length with peripherally uniform temperature at any cross-section, and (ii) uniform temperature both axially and peripherally. Results exhibit the expected high-pressure gradients and heat transfer coefficients in the entrance region, approaching, asymptotically, the fully developed values at large axial distance. Results are presented for 8, 16, and 24 fins, and for the fin height to duct radius ratio 0.3, 0.6, and 1. The Prandtl number is kept as .707 corresponding to air.

Copyright © 1985 by ASME
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