Experimental Investigation of Free Convection in a Vertical Rod Bundle—A General Correlation for Nusselt Numbers

[+] Author and Article Information
M. Keyhani

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996-2210

F. A. Kulacki

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716

R. N. Christensen

Department of Mechanical Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210

J. Heat Transfer 107(3), 611-623 (Aug 01, 1985) (13 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3247468 History: Received February 01, 1984; Online October 20, 2009


Free convection in two vertical, enclosed rod bundles has been experimentally investigated for a wide range of Rayleigh numbers. A uniform power dissipation per unit length is supplied to each rod, and the enclosing outer cylinder is maintained at constant temperature. Nusselt numbers for each rod, as well as an overall value for each bundle, have been obtained as a function of Rayleigh number. Comparison of the results for air and water as the working fluid indicate that, for a fixed Rayleigh number, an increase in the Prandtl number produces a reduction in the Nusselt number. This is contrary to what has been reported for vertical cavities and is attributed to curvature effects. Furthermore, the data reveal the interesting fact that it is quite possible for the individual rods in the bundle to exchange energy with the working fluid via different but coexisting regimes at a given power dissipation. Also, as the Rayleigh number is increased, the rods each tend to assume nearly the same heat transfer coefficient. Finally, a correlation for the overall convective Nusselt number is developed in terms of Rayleigh number and geometric parameters.

Copyright © 1985 by ASME
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